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Pbesidential Election, 1812.
Philadelphia, June 5 and 6, 187S,
ULYSSES SS. GUSA^TVT
BBPOKTED BY FBAM-CIS H. SMITH,
GIBSON BROTHERS, PRINTERS.
UNION REPUBLICAN CONVENTION,
The Fifth Quadreanial Convention of the Republican. Party of the
United States, for the nomination of candidates for President and Vice-
President, convened at the Academy of Music, in the city of Philadel-
phia, "Wednesday, June 5th, 1872, in pursuanee of the following
The undersigned, coDstitating the National Conmiittee designated b; tlie Conven-
tion held at Chicago on the 20th of May, 1S68, hereby call a Convention of the Union
Kepubiican Party at the oity of Philadelphia, on Wednesday, the 5th day of Jane
neit, at 12 o'clock noon, for the purpose of nominating candidates for the offices of
President and Vice-President of the United States.
Each State is anthorlzed to be represented in the Convention by delegates er^ual
to twice the nnniber of Senators and Bepresentativea to wliicltitwillbeentitlediiitlie
nest National Congress, and eaclj organized Territory is authorized to send two
In calling tiuB Convention, the Committee remind the country that the promises
of the Union KepublicBJi Convention of 18(>8 have been fulMed. The States lately
in rebellion have been restorBd to their former relations to the Qovammeni. The
laws of tile oonntry have been faithfully eiecuted, public faith has been preserved,
and the national credit firmly established. Governmental economy has been illus-
trated by the reduction, at the same time, of the publio debt and of taiSition \ and
the funding of the national debt at a lower rate of interest has been snoeessfnlly in-
augurated. The rights of natnralized citizens have been protected by treaties, and.
imroigration encouraged by liberal provisions. The defenders of the Union have
been gratefully remembered, and the rights and interests of labor rocogaiaed. Laws
have been enacted, and are being enforced, for the protection of persons and
property in all sections. Eq^ual suffrage has been engrafted on the National Cousti-
tation ; the privileges and immunities of American citizenship have become a part of
the organic law, and a hberal policy has been adopted toward all who engaged in the
rebeUion. Complications in foreign relations have been adjusted in the interest of
peace throughout the world, while the national honor has been maintained. Corrup-
tion has been eiposed, offenders punished, responsibility enforced, safeguards estab-
lished, and now, as heretofore, the BepubEcan Party Btaada. pledged to correct all
abuses and carry out all reforms necessary to maintain the purity and efficiency of
the public service. To eontimie and firmly establish its fimdamectal priuciples. wi
invite the co-operation of all the citizens of flie United States.
WILLIAM CLAFLIN, of Massachusetts,
WILLIAM E. CHANDLER, of New Hampsliire,
Thomas W. Osbokn, Florida.
L. C. CAEPENmsE, South Carolina.
L. B. Feieze, Rhode Island. Johs H. Caldwell, Georgia.
H. H. STABSWEiTHEB, Conneoticat. James P. Siow, Alabama.
James Gopsill, New Jersey. M. H. Soothwoeth, Louisiana.
William H. Kemele, PeEnsylYania. A. C. FiaK, Mississippi.
Howard M. Jenkins, Delaware. S. C. Pomehoy, Kansas.
B. K. CowBN, Ohio. B. F. Kioe, Arkansaa.
John Cobdsn, Indiana. John B. Clabk, Missouri.
C. B. Paewbll, niicoia. A. A. Bubton, Kentucky.
Zaobariah Chandler, Michigan. Hobacc Maynabd, Tennessee.
J. T. AvEBiLL, Miunosota. E. B. Tatlob, Nebraska,
David Atwood, Wisoocsin. James W. Nve, Nevada.
Geoeob W. MoCbaby, Iowa. H. W. Cobeett, Oregon.
C. C. Fdltok, Maryland. Geoege C. CioBHiM, California.
Fk.isklin Sibaems, Virginia. John B Chaeeeb, Coloiado.
John B. HnsEABD, West Virginia. W. A. Bubleige, Dakota.
William Sloas, North Carolina. Sayle3 J. Bowek, District of Columbia,
Washington, D. C, January/ 11, 1872.
WBENESDAr, June 5, 1872.
THE COKYENTIOS CALLED TO OEDER.
Atl2o'cIockiioon,Hon. William Cij,flin, of Massachusetts, Chairman
of the National Committee, called the Convention to order, and spoke as
SPEBOe or QOVERNOH CLATHN.
OentUmen of the OonvenUon : Elected aocording to the usages of the Eepublieau
Party, in conventions of the people held in every State, you have assembled for the
purpose of placing in nomination candidates for tbe two highest offices in the gift of
the American people. You represent a party founded on the broadest principles of
freedom, justice, and hmnaaity, and whose achievements have been the wonder and
admiration of the civilized world. The promises of reform and progress made four
years ago have been faithfully fulfilled [applause] in the guarantee by the nation of
equal rights to all ; in the reduction of the public eipenditures and the public debt ;
ia the decrease of the public burdens ; in tbe improvement of the public credit ; in
the establishment of the public faith that no act of repudiation shall ever stain the
statute-book, and in securing peace and order throughout the entire Republic.
You are summoned to declare anew yoar fidelity to those principles and purposes
which have brought such beneficent results to the nation. We will not fear that the
jieople will desert those who have been faithful to their high trust, for other men and
othei: organizations, although they may adopt our principles and promise t« adhere
to our pdicy. Let us go forward with confident faith that our cause will triumph,
notwithstanding uneipected defections, over all nombinations, however skilfully
planned, because in its continued sucoesa are centred the best intecesta and the high-
est hopes of the country. [Cheers. ]
Before proceeding further, I will invite the Eev. Dr. Keed to lead the C
The Eev. Dr. Alexasdek Reed, of tlio Contra! Presbyterian Chiu'ch,
of Philadelphia, then offered the ibllowing prayer :
Our Father in Heaven I we bow before Thee at Thy throne. In infinite merey
hst«ii to our prayer. Thou art the etertial God, the self-existent and unchangeable
Creator. Immenaity Thy dwelling-place, the Universe Thy home, greater than all
Thy works, and worthy of the reverence and homage and love of all Thy creatures.
Thou only art the Lord, eialted, Buprerae. There is no counsellor for Thee ; for
with Thee there are no mysteries and Thou matest no mistakea. Thou sittest on the
eirele of the heavens ; all its inhabitant ate but as grasshoppers. Nations are before
Thee but as dust in the balances ; yet, though Thou art so exited, Thy very great-
ness brings Thee near to ns, for Thy spirit and presence fiU heaven and earth ;
Thou dost encompass every creature Thou hast made, and in aU heights and depths,
throughout aU space, boundless, infinite, Thon art God over all, blessed forever. We
praise Thee. \Ve rejoice to know Thee as oar Creator, King, and Father ; and in
the name of our Moeaded Saviour we come into Thy presence at this august hour
seeking grace, Thy favor. We, pleading Thy promises to be nigh unto all that call
upon Thee in trutii, that they who ask shall receive of Thee, come humbly unto Thee,
yet confidently, believing that Thou art the hearer of prayer.
Our rather, bless us to-day. Bleaa our beloved country with abundant and abid-
ing benedictjons. Our experience of Thy loving care through all the past gives us
confidence to seek Thy guarding, guiding Providence for the fntuxe. Oh, God ! for
flU that Thon hast done for us a nation, thereof we are glad.
In the ti'avail paina of birth, through feeble infancy, and in dark and dangerous
days of division and strife, Thou hast preserved as. Oh, bless us still. Throu^
almost a century Thou hast never failed ns ; kegi ns still ; leave us not to ourselves,
to self-confidence, to pride, to forgetfulness of God. We do thani; Thee for Thy fa-
vor and Thy faithfula«js, for Thy patience and paternal love. We thank Thee that
Thou hast proclaimed hberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof ;
that Thou hast broken the bondsmen's fetters, and said to the oppressed. Go Free.
We thank Thee that Thou hast ordained peace for us and prosperity in aU our bor-
ders. We thanlt Thee for our new birth of freedom, and we pray Thee to guide aiid
keep us, that this " Government of the people, by the people, and for the people,
shall not perish from the eaijh." Therefore, bless Thy servant, the President of
these United States, and guide him in all his diversified duties by Thy hand. Bless
his counseLors, each and ail. Bless the Governor of this Commonwealth, and of
every Commonwealth throughout the land. Bless every citizen, old and young, high
and low. Bless the noble soldiery that stiil survive the days of blood and fire. May
these noble heroes realize the gratitude of a rescued people and the care of a loving
Qod. And now, God ! most high and holy, we devoutly pray do Thou bless this
T^t National Convention, gathered hither from North and South, and East and
West, to transact business for a mighty oonetituenoy. May Thy biessiue be upon
them. May these leaders of the people and of a party be led by Thee. May these
wise counsellors seek and receive that wisdom that cometh down from above, which
is profitable to direct. Do Thou, Euler Divine, preside over tiiese ddiberationa, and
may aU questions issued and concluded here be acceptable to Thee, and whatever
men may intend, do Thou superintend so that Thou shall be glorified, and the high-
est and holiest interests of this land may be secured and perpetuated. Guide these.
Thy servants, to such selections of leaders as shall meet the approval of the good and
patriotic throughout this great Bepubhc, and shall be approved by Thee. And may
this noble party now represented here — a party of glorious history and immortal
v,g i^seiy guided of God to such a jMjlioy as sh^ prove it in the future, an
¥3opIe gathered from all peoples, and make it a nation willing to obey and love
hee. And most devoutly do we pray that Thou wilt, amid the kingdoms of this
world, advance Thy kingdom, blessed God I Remember the family of mankind ;
bring us aH into one blood-beat again. May we feel heart to heart the world around,
and in the same electric connection of love may the whole earth experience at last the
consolation of Thy redemptive power, and stand disenthmlled and united before God,
a blessed brotherhood, bapti^d into purity ; and then at last may there break forth,
>Ho..ted by Google
6 NATIONAL UNIOH KEPCBLICAN CONVEHTION,
acoordantwitttheuhoralutteraiiceBof heaTen, avoioeof joy the world around, giving
praise unto tie Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.
And now we commit ourselves and ail our work to Thee. Bless us individually,
we implore. As we here seek to eialt a ruler over this EepubEc, may we not forget
to seek to exalt Thee ruler over our hearts and lives, as men— as mortal, as immor-
tal meu. And all we ask and all we offer is in the name of Him who taught na
■when WG pray to say ; Our Father which art ia Heaven. Hallowed be Thy name.
Thy feingdom dome. Thy will be done in earth as it is in Heaven. Give us this day
our daily bread. And forgive as our traspassas, bs we forgive those that trespass
against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deUver ns from evil, for thiae is
the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, forever. Ameu.
Governor Claplin resumed:
Gentlemen"/ the Conveitf ion: I have the pleasure, by the inetrnetion of the National
Committee, of presenting to you the Hon. Mohton MoMichabi., of Philadelphia, for
temporary Chairman, [Great applause.] Those of yon who favor that nomination
will say aye.
The nomination was unanimoualy confirmed.
Hon. Henry S. Lane, of Indiana ; Hon. Jambs H. Platt, Jr., of Vir-
ginia, and Hon. James Lewis, of Louiaiana, having been appointed by
the Chairman for that purpose, escorted Mr. McMichael to the Chair,
On reaching the platform he was greeted with enthusiastic and pro-
longed applause, and, being presented by Governor Claplin to the
Convention, he spoke as follows ;
ADDEESS OF THE TBMPOBAEY OHAIKMAlf.
Oentletiien of the Contention : I thank you for the privilege of presiding, even for
the brief period I shall enjoy that honor, over suoh an assemblage as this. I am tha^
mora gratifted because as a delegate from Penneylvania, and a resident of Philadel-
phia, it gives me an occasion to welcome you to our State and City, [applanse ;] to
say to you all how glad we are to have you among us ; to express to you our intention
to promote your comfort while you remain with us ; and oat desire that when you
leave as you will leave witti such impressions as will induce you frequently to return.
TJnder any circumstances, it would be a source of satisfaction to us to have the pres-
ence of 60 many distinguiidied men, gathered from all parts of this mighty land,
which grows and stretches so rapidly that in IJiese recurring quadrennial convocations
aew States, new Territories, and in this ease, happily for the cause of humanity and
progress, a aew race — \^es.t applause] — new, at least, in the possession of political
rights and civil fanofjons, and soon to be endowed with all the attributes of equality
—are represented ; imder any oiroumstanoe? your presence would be to us a source
of satisfaction, and it is especially so in view of the purpose which has brought yon
hither. The midcontenta who recently met at Cinoinnati were without a constituency ;
the Democrats who are soon to meet at Balfimore will be without a principle. [Heartry
applause.] The former, having no motive in common but personal disappointment,
attempted a fusion of repelling elemenla, which has resulted in explosion ; the latter,
degraded from the high estate they once occupied, propose an abandonment of their
identity, which means death. Unlike the first, yon are the authentic eipoaenta of a
great national organization, based upon priucipW
As broad sad genera! se the caemgsir:
[cheers, ] unlike the last, your object is to preserve, not to destroy. And, gentlemen,
differing from both these in character and aims, you will difier no less in the nature
of your deliberations. On the subject which has most perplesed, and must continue
to perplex their councils, in yours, rather let me say in ours, there will be absolute
harmony. With us the selection of a Presidential candidate is a foregone conclusion.
In Uiat regard the people have decided for uh in advance, and we have only to put
PHILADELPHIA, 1872. 7
Cieir will into proper shape by formally nominating UljBsea 8. Grant. [EnthusiaBtio
and oonHnued eheeraig, the whole andienoe rising to their feat.] And with the bless-
ing of God we shall not only make that nomination without demur, withont debate,
without dissent, but we shall make it under sach auspices aa will insure its complete
and abundant ratifioafion at the polls. [Applause.]
It does not need, nor, oolMidering my temporary occupation of this chair, wonla
it be suitable that I should enter into any elaborate commentary as to ihe merits of
one candidate. But this I will say, that notwithstanding all ihe malignant venom
that has been spit at him ; all the odioas calumnies that have been heaped upon him;
all fhe disgraceful slanders that have been circulated in regard to him, General Grant
at this moment enjoys more of the confidence of his countrymen, is believed by them
to be an honester, troer, and better man than any of his detractors. [Great applause
and cries of assent.] No one in our day has been more causelessly, more shame-
lessly viUifled ; no one will be more thoroughly vindicated. The great heart of the
Amerioan people beats responsively to truth and jnstice, and as they have tried and
tested and trnat him ; as ttiey know that his administration has been wise and faith-
ful ^ as they have seen the nation prosper under Ms rnle as it has never before pros-
pered they will stand by and defend, and, when the ballot-bos gives them a chance
to do BO, avenge him. [Cheers, and cries of ' ' They will. "] Eemembering the sore
trials which, along with his fellow-soldiers, he nnderwent during the war, his sacri-
fices of ease and comfort, his perils by day and by night, the eiposoxe by means of
■which those who now revile him were able to secure luiurious repose at a safe dis-
tance from danger, they are quite willing that he should indulge in ' ' palace care and
cigars and seaside loiterings," [cheers and langhter;] and they mean to furnish him
with the opportunity of enjoying these for at least four years to come.
As to the Viee-I^esidenoy, no doubt, gentlemen, there will be varions preferences.
Some of us will at first favor one, some another, but we shaU all strive to obtain the
best man ; and when the choice is ultimately made I trust we shaU all feel that we
have succeeded. [Applause.] In regard to the platform to be adopted it is not for
me to anticipate ; but along with other important docti-ines it wiil undoubtedly eon-
tain the widest recognition of human freedom, and the clearest affirmation of the
duties which the Government owes to its laboring masses, wherever and however
employed, in town or country ; and with such candidates and such a creed, whether
we have to encounter Ihe decaying remnants of a onee powerful party, but now so
feeble that it is oryiog piteously to its enemy for succor ; or an incongruous aUiance
of ill-assorted factions, with no band of union but the greed of office ; or all of
them combined, we shall go forth conquering and to conquer. [Heariy and con-
Music by the Band,
a will now proceed to indicate persons to be se-
On motion of Mr. Stabiby T. PdlleS, of Maine, the following-named
persons were elected as temporary Secretaries of the Convention:
JoHs "W. Newlis, of New Jersey.
HiK.iM PoTTEB, Jr., of Florida.
John B. HcBBsEn, of West Virginia.
COMMITTEE OS CREDENTIALa.
The OHUEHiN. It is customary at this stags of the proceedings for the delegates
from the different Stat^ and Territories to designate one member of their number
for the Committee on Credentials. The Secretary will call the roll of the States,
and as it la called some gentleman representing each of them wiU indieata its choice
in the matter to which I have referred.
Ho..ted by Google
NATIONAL UNION REPUBLICAN CONVENTION,
a tlieii ctlled ind the foBo^vmg Dimes were
J W Burke
T H Jolmtion
James D Frary
T H Armstrong
J F Alexander
M L Bandy
Samuel B Casey
Mortimer F SmiHi
E B 'Stoddard
James H Stone
C H Coodaell
GeorgB A Moaer
C C 'Stevensrn
Distnot of Columbia
Edward W Poster
L D Shoemaker
Edward L Freeman,
b A Swails
R K Bntler
W A Sayler
Joseph G Thorpe
Jerome B Chaffee
E J Curtis
Lncius B Church.
John W Donnellan
■When Utah and Dakota were called, annonncemente were made by
delegitea fiom those Tcnitonefi that as theio were conte-rtmsj dele a
tiOQs thev would m^ke no uonnQition^ fortius committee °
' EERMANENl' ORGANIZATION.
..1,'^,'il'^^^^"?*' ^''^ Secretary will now proceed to call tho roll of States, in order
that the delegation from each State may sogKcst one of their number as a member
oi the Committee on Permanent OiganiEation.
Mr. J. L. Kbce:, of Ohio. Mr. CliMrman : In order to save time I move that
when the Secretary calls the roll, each State ahaU name the members whom it defiiies
' • the Committee on Permanent Organization, tho Committee ou
n Rules and Orders.
is the Committee oi
The motion was lost.
The CHATRMi-i. The committee now to t
A Dblegmb. Are we espected to presetil
tee, or tiie names of the eommittae for all ?
The Chairhan. Just one man from each State on Permanent OrL-ani nation
ADeleoath. GaU the Territories.
.L "^^ CaAiKMAN. It is not customary to call the Territories. If it is the desire of
the Convention, however, it shall be done.
On motion, it was voted that the Territories and the District of Co-
lumbia be allowed representation on all the permanent committees.
Leave ivas granted.
Tlie Serretan then proceeded with the uiUing of the roll foi Com-
raittee on Permaneut Oigaiozation witli the following reiult
J M Johnson
F K Shattaci
Jefferson F IJong
George X Steele
A B Anderson
John B Bnmer
B \S Bobinson
Hiram Bliss Jr
Jolin T Elisor
A E Rioe
A K Davis
E O Stanard
John D Nebgh
Gecu^ M. Sabin
Leii D Jamrd
District of Coiambia Alex.
John N Hnngerford.
James H Hartis.
N H VanVorhes.
William D Brayton.
W B Nash.
William Y Elliott.
W A EllBtL
John A Harman.
John E Schley.
lames H Toole.
Geoige M Chiliiooihe.
E C Ford.
L B Church.
George W Corey.
Mr Hiaimian leak leave
IP COOQIITTEE O-i PEEMINENT
n Permanent Orgamzati
The Cimraittee on. Permanent Organization will please retire.
Booms aie piovided in Hortienltural Hall, and the Committee of Axrangeraenta wiE
escort tbein theie
A Deleoatb Mr Cliairman : I move that the election of the Committee on Bes-
olntious be deferred till the report of the Committee on Permanent Organization he
The motioii v
llr John R Popham, of ^ir^rnitt. Mr. Cliai'niian ; I move that when the roll of
States be i ailed foi the Committee on Resolntions, the chairmen of the several dele-
gitious leport tiie names of Uie persons that have been selected for the two remaining
committees — the Committee on BesolutJons and on Bules.
The motioii was agreed to, and the Secretary proceeded to call the
roll of tlt^teg, with the following result :
COMMITTEE 0> EEhOLVTIONS
E M Eejnolds
J F D (oqswell
William H Grey
William A Howard.
T H Withington
W E Hicks.
Joseph R. Hawley
Henry P Piokels
J H Stover
T W Johnfon
J B Weston
Dawson A. Walker
L H Head
C A. Morns
James W Hood.
E B Hayes
H E Kmcaid.
8 T Pullen
NATIOJflAL UNION REPUBLICAN COSi'
R bert E Elliott
A J Bicke
J W lalbot
Thomas B Swann
Thomas S AUcn
COMMITTEE ON KULBS
W B Jones
Charles M Patterson
Charles F Kicharls
John W Butler
James M gnrnns
Israel A Powell
I W Card
H C Cross
W G Elliott.
A H S Davis
Samuel M Shoemaker
K F Crowell
H M Atkinson
George M Sabm
J W Johnson
Goneial John A Loom in reflii
came upon the
platform, and havii]
spoke as follows ;
Dakotn (No mii ,
District of Columbia Ales It 8hepheri
Idaho E J. Curtis.
Montana W F. Sanders.
New Menco (No nomination.!
Dtah (No n minatiott.)
Washington fNo nomination.)
Wyonimg John W Donnellan.
D OKDEK OP BUSINESS
Georte H. Brown.
■W C. Cooper.
J F. Devore.
C W. GilaUan.
Latimer W. Dallon.
J J. M
Georee E Grisham.
James P Newcomb.
& G. GoddelL
C J L. Meyer.
George M Chillicothe.
John F. Cooke.
E J. CnrtJs.
L B. Chnroh.
District of Columbia
! to repeated and continued calla,
leen mtioducod by the Chairman,
KEKAHKS OF SENATOR LOOAN.
Gentltmen of the Conmntion : There is nothing that would delight me more, if I
were capable of doing so, than to entertain you with a speech. I know I ouoht not to
judge, but if yon will allow me to be the jadge on this occasion, I will suagest that
I do not think that this is the time, so far as I am concerned. I am so oat of voice
from an effort last ni^ht that I am physically unable to address you at any great
length, nor do I think it would be proper for me to attempt it.
There are a great many gentlemen here whom I know you are ansions to hear ; men
who ai-e able, men who are elonaent, and men whom you have not heard before.
A Delegate. We want to hear a few words from Logan. [Applause.]
Senator Looah, (resnming.) I will only say then, for I very certainly eannotat-
tempt to detam you with a speech, that if the people of tiis whole land to-day could
sea tiiiS convention assembled, its appearance and the manifestations of enthusiasm
at the mention of tte name of the man whom you intend to present to the Amevioan
people to be voted for for President, [great applause.] it would gladden the national
heart I am proud, and I am glad to know, that to-day, after four years' trial of the
President of the Umted States, when you come here to Philadelphia to repeat what
^r.,. /?'"'y^^^ ago-his nomination— there eiiRts more enthusiasm in the midst
or the delegates, four to one, than we found when we first presented him to the
Amenoan people. [Applause.]
you imposed upou him to your entice satasfactioc. LApplanse.j Ana you come
Co to repeat, '■ WeU done, thou good and faithful Barvaat. Thou hi^st been fai^-
f 111 over a few things, we will mate thee ruler over many things. [Great applause. J
After the remarke of General Looan, contiuued caUe were made from
the andience for "Morton," "Banks," and others.
Mr Chaeles S. Spenoee, of New Yoik. Mr. Ghamnan: The delegation from the
State of New York demre me to move that their venerable head, the oldest pioneer m
the^i^sTof emaEcipatiott in thia room, [oheere,] Gebbiii SmiH, [great cheermg,] bo
invited to address you.
The motion vfaa received with great enthusiasm, delegates all over the
building rising in their places, wavmg their hats and handkerchiefs, and
calling for Mr. Smith. , , . 31 n.
^ venerable gentleman rose in his pla^e and bowed repeatedly, the
assemblage continuing to cheer him. The Chairman c^e down from
his platform and moved towards the pai-t of the house -where Mr. bmrH
was waitin<r to conduct him before the audience. Music being called
for to fiU up the gap until Mr. Smith could get upon the stage, the band
in the circle played " Hail to the Chief." „ ,. , ■
When the music ceased, Mr. Smith stood before the cheering assem-
The Ohaieman. Now, gentlemen of the Contention, ftoee rousing cheers !
Three cheers were given with a hearty wiU; and Mr. Smith spoke as
KElrlAItKS OF GEKIITT SMITH.
Gm"a)unoftheCo?i'B€ntim: IwiU detain you bat a few minutes, for I fear I
BhS^ot be^lZrd totinoily from my hoarsenem G^Hemen, tiifl tune has n^r
come rouid a-ain when the Awerioan people are to choose their Chief Majjistrate.
Who shall it be? [Cries of " Grant!" " Grant !" aad loud cheery] Whom ^liaU we
aomi^te? [Renewed eries for Grajit.] You all say Grant; well, I agree with you.
Why do we iOl say Grant ? Because he was the savior of the country. [Applause.]
Because he has blessed his country in time of peace- [Applause.J
From the breaking out of the rebellion the American people defended their coun-
try Saveiy, but not always successfully. They passed through a long alternation of
S«!cess^ ^d defeats, and quite as many defeats as suwesses. Sunshme was now
iim)Ttheic oanse and now it was wrapped in gloom. It was m th4S crisis, m thiB
neriod of fear, that General Grant was called to the head of the army . , ,.
^ The people had begun to despair of ultimate success, when General Grant by fho
persistency^ of his poUoy, by his resolve to flghtit out on the same line if it took aU
-r, achieved victory.
:e criticism o
; but the final battle was fonght and \
country, then divided, became one again. , „ . ^ tt„ i.„„ „,.a
T anifl that he had helped us in time of peace, also. He has done so. He luis pre-
policy of kindness towards the poor, erring, deluded ludiejis.
*^And he is doing what he can. and if you give him t^e he will fuUy aceomphsh it^
toXh out Ku.tlu^sm and save the negro and the few wlnte men «ho defend Hie
ne^o fom the bloody, fearful, and territJe vengeance threatened agamst them.
Tut it^said that General o'rant has had one term of the ^'^f^'^^^^Z^^^
™i^ht to retire to aive place to another. Well, my fnends, my doctnne is that baa
ta^gproved hM a|ood President once, p^v/s him fitted for it a second term.
'-■*TM^ wi'' the doctrine of the American people when they re-elected Washington,
the tor^vior of the conntry. [Applause.] It was their dootrme when they re.
Hosted by Google
NATIONAL UNION KEPUISIJCAN COS 7E
elected Lincoln, tie second savior of his country. [More applause 1 It is theit doc
aenta are exempt from Ilabilitiea to mistakes. It is said that some of his appoiutmw^
,^7^:^ ri ^ ^. ?V^ Sit^d with clairvoyance. Tliey don't all read character in
thl^T' [^^S'"!''] l*"* "'! fi'i<i ample consolation in thia fact, that ootwithstandiOR
llieindnstnoas efforts— and as vannmnns 0= ...^„af-;„^=_ t„ i,J 1 ._ i.- °
-.■„c - 1.1. -s industrions— to bring uuiiiB lu mm cor-
ruptjon in Uiese ap^mtments, to toist upon him money-making or other cornipf mo-
tiy^, aU this has signally failed. [Great enthusiasm.] ^ ercorraptmo-
Kow we want Otaat, I say, a few years longer in the Presidency. He is doina
well. He IS cnishingout Ku-Kluxism, and if the Government allow hW power eS
»t^«ir''''\%'^,r^^''/'',V? '*■ ^^ '""' *"« leadership a few years^longer 3
we shall reacll full and final trinmph in this matter. [Applanse.]
H^r"^;-"^"' ^"^r' "s. "If sfc have Grant a few years longer in the' Presidency, beoauso
I tZi^^TJ^ ^t*i^ '?'■ ^"i"^" "S'^ cent« ; I go for hnman rights. [Applanse. ]
* # V? °* ^' ^'™8l>t out, and It will not be fought ont so long as a ^ulL shred
of Ku-KIunsm esists in the land. It will not be flight out so lone m a siSrfe^^
enfhuti^^ l' f^«J.^. u "if f"^^^ '""'*'? "3^ on aoconnt of his^ color. [Intsnse
enthua.asm.] I cannot but feel, whenever I see in the proceedings of Coaf-resa a de-
'ri^'.ss-sz^:" " °' " """ """"= ""■ °"* »»""• •'•-^'°~"' ^' "'^
We wajit Otant, tierefore, for four yean, more, outO we shall see the end of these
[A U^T^^*^ ^""^^ """^ *""^ triumph in this ooantiy.
lond and persiatsnf caHs tor " Morton !" now followed, and at IohkH
Senator 0. P. Mohtok, of Indiana, was aosisted to the platform He
wa,9 gi-eeted with mnch cheering and enthusiasm, and on being seated,
for an mfirmitj prevents hie standing, was presented to the andience as
Tor'SSSJ] '"'°"' '^'"'•"*°' ""'*» °" e™" «iTOeat<i, OoTerno, Mo,.
SPEECH Or SENATOR MOETON.
Gentlemen of Ow Cmaentmi ; In the enthusiasm which prevails hero to-day I sec
Ore immietakable evidence of victory in November. Thieenthusiasmisnotmann
taotured; it la spontaneous, it eomea from the hearts of this audience here to-dav
representing the peat mass of the people of the Unifd States. [ApplS. ] y£
represent the Eepubhcan party, and that party has a great mission to nerforrS a
ST"™"! " J" '"■" l^" "'"S ""« °' •1"">'»">«^- To that parly thVhitei«*a
?iS;if? '.°"^r °°." ''SrS™'?? " "" *""'' " »»r 1»" bee, preserved™
fosloredbyilinlhepasl. lleEopubhcauparly isnota woiihippor of men. Wehold
S.? !""»/"»»>•' f" to men. We st«,d bylhe pionoo"of E.pnb iZ prii-
o,p es. We do Ihem aj honor, hot only ,„ long a, they reman, faithfuTlo thoee J™.
°y'.fA Cijfla»«.] Wbonapioneerfalls,hef.Ilsfarlherthananybodyelse. Kries
^., *i^ e IK i^d ,*PPli""f J , Among several nations of antiquity Ihe idea prevaUed
l™^, fS! ",'.i,"*S' '°i'" ^ •" °«'1>'I«S. ■"« som? men who llJnk IhS
It™ .... V .^ .Itepnblioan parly have recenlly set up the claim that on that
mum the, have the right to Mil it. [Laughter and applause.] A. .general Ihi",
wedonytliepatermlv. [Applmsc. But if w, admitS the palemitv we sboSd
deny Ore rigSl to fcl(. What are the thing, that the E.publican party yet have lo
do ? Ilmow it has baen dinned m cm eai, for two or three yolm iaJl Ih.l our
miesion was performed. Whenever a man has been beaten for the nomination for
Congress, he has generally come lo the coneluaion that the mission of the Renublioan
party was at an end, and we ought te form a new party It he has been turned out
?o.S o. S; "S"™™'. »' « ta km failed to get into oHlee, he concluded that the
b" ifn^ei SiST] """ "' " " ""• -" "»' • °~ "e^'«« ""e" to
PHILADELPHIA, 1873. 13
1 ask yon to-day, what are the duties before us ? Pirat, in Mgard to Ihose quea-
tiona which oottcern tlie administrataon. It is the duty of the Eepnblicati paity to
perfect oar national financial system ; [cheers] gradudly but surely^, not by violence,
or spasmodic efforts, to bring our currency to par. We ate oertaudy and safely ap-
proaoMng that event. We do not propose to accompUsh it by violent action, but
by using the natural causes which are now at work, we shall place the credit of the
nation upon a higher baaia than it ever occupied before, and upon a higher basis than
that occupied by the credit of any other nation. [Applaase.J We shall do this by
faithfully performing all our promises ; by keeping our contracts in the spirit and
the letter ; and by the gradual but certain reduction of the public debt. [Cheers.]
■ While we shall oarry out to the letter the present policy we have on hand, while
we Lave nothing new on the subject, (and I may say in regard to platforms tbat it ia
Bcareely necessary for this Convention to adopt one, for the platform of the Eepublican
party is found in its history for the last ten years, and it is to be found in the present
policy of the Administrafion) — I say, while we shall do Hiiai, it ia for us to carry out
and consecrate the reforms upon which this Administration haa already entered,
[ciieers,] for our work is not done in regaid to those great measures which have
grown out of the war.
It is for the Bepubiican paity to estabUah the fourteentt and fifteenth amend-
ments, [cheers;] to plant them in the Constitution, beyond peradventure, so that
they shall be recognized by all parties ; so that there shall no longer be any consid-
erable party in thia country which sh^ dare to question the legality or the validity
of Hieae amendments. [Applause.] It is for the Eepublican party to establish folly
the rights of the colored men of tins country. [Applause.] Our work will not be
done until they shall be conoeded by all parties, and they ^lall have the full and free
enjoyment of their rights in every portion of this country. [Applanae.] Until they
shall be in thefullenjoymentnotonlyof all their political but of all their civil rights.
Our work will not be done untU there ah^ be equal protection under the law ex-
tended to men of every race and color, and to all men of all political views in every
part of the Unit«d States. [Applause.] The mission of the Eepublican party will
not be performed as long as there shall remain a Ku-Klui oi^nization in any State
of this Union, [applause,] forthat organization but sleeps in some of tile States, and
it will awake to active, terrible life, shortly before the Presidential election, if there
sjiall not be proper legidation. if theie ahall not be a firm, bold administration of
the Government which shall afford protection to all. [Cheers. ]
Onr Government protects the rights of Anietioan citizens everywhere, in every
foreign country. If half a dozen Americans were murdered in London or Havana,
by a mob, we should demand the prompt punishment of the murderers. It would be
a cause of national offence, if the Government of England or Spain did not use
every exertion to bring ijie murderers to punishment. The murder ot an Amerioaa
citizen in a foreign land requires the immediate notice of the Government, and hia
rights must be vindicated, if need be, by the whole power of the nation. Shall it,
then, be swd that the (Jovemment has the power and the right to protect American
citizens in every country but our own ? [Cheers.]
I hold that when any State fails, refuses, or, from any cause, is unable to secure
to her citizens the equal protection of the laws, security for life, liberty, and prop-
erty—I hold that it is within the power and is the absolute and solemn duty of the
Government of the United Statea to extend protection in suoh oases, [Applause. ]
In passing what is called the Ku-Klux law, we did not intend to place an arbitrary
power in the hands of the President of the United States, to be exercised by caprice
or for selfish or partisan purposes. That power was placed there for the purpose of
protecting, or enabling him to protect, the lives, liberty, and property of hundreds
and thousands, and even of millions of people in some of the SouMem States, where
llie State governments had been unable or had failed to grant anch protection.
We knew, when placing that power in the hands of the President, he would not
abuse it. He has not abused it. [Great applause.] And whatever may have been
said, allow me to say here (iiat the Ku-Klux law has done more good in a shorter tame
than any law ever enacted by the Congreaa of the United States. It has operated like
a charm. It has protected thonsandsand thousands of peoplefrom murder, from out-
rage, and from exile. And those in the SoutU who denounce that law, and who oppose
the re-enactment for another year of the power to the President to suspend the writ
of habeas corpus in case of revolution or rebellion, do not oppose it because any wrong
14 NATTOPTAL ITNION EEPUBLICAN OONVENTIOS,
has been done, beoauHe any ri
ftce unwilling tliat a certain int ^ , ^
ocntroHed, may control, may absolutely Bway, the political action of certain States of
this Union. We desire only fair and honest eleotionB. We want men, of all parties
and of all colore, without regard to previous condition, to have perfect liberty in the
exercise of their political rights. [Applause.] And it is because they have not been
accorded heretofore that that law was enacted.
Fellow-citizens, I believe that the salvation of this country, I believe that our great-
est and best interests, are bound up with the continued predominance of ihe Eepub-
lican party tor years to come. [Applause.] I am not an advocate of the Eepublieaa
party merely as a partisan, but because it has been the great inatrumeutality by which
this country has been aavod in the past, and by which, in my judgment, it must be
preserved in the future. [Applause.] In a Government like ours there are, there
mnst be, parties. Meu entertaining similar principles must act together ; they can-
not act together without organization and co-operation, and that makes a party.
When you liave broken this party down, what security wUl you have that you can ever
get another which will carry out and consummate its work? Stand fast by principle.
Look to the future, and be guided by the light of the past. Sometimes a great
light is eitinguiahed ; sometimes one of those to whom the people have been accus-
tomed to look up falla by the wayside. We may drop a tear of regret, but we should
not pause. [Applause,] Eemember that the R«publican party is greater than any
man. It is much greater than all its leaders combined. But among the greatest of
our statesmen and poliljciana a great many errors are committed. It is said that Gen-
eral Grant has committed his errors. I do not deny it ; but I am happy to say that
most of them are trivial. They do not go to the essence and substance of his adtoin-
istration, and some of those Who now oppose him have committed a greater error.
Any man who supposes that he has stren^ enough to brefli up the Eepublioan party
will commit a very grave blunder [Applause.] Any man who supposes he can lead
the Eepublieaa party into the ranks of the Democratic party, by mesJiH ot any back
door or back stairs, for the sake of plunder, commits a very great blunder. [Applause
Several men who have been distinguished in the EepubUoan party, whom we have
b«6n looking up to as leaders and pioneers, have committed this mistake; but whea
they have niide this mistake they have been dropped and passed away forever, and
there has been no perceptible influence produced upon the party. [Applause.] A
pebble dropped into a pool produces a ripple for a httle while, but it very soon be-
comes placid ; you cannot tell by looking at the surface of the pool what has hap-
pened. So, the greatest maa in the Republican party, if he shall be unfaithful to its
principles; if, by reason of personal disappointment or irritation he sh^ still
endeavor to destroy its organization, of betray it into the hands of its enemies, he will
sink out of sight, to disturb the surface of the political world as little as the pebble
when dropped into the lake. [Applause.]
Then stand. fast by your principles. You will on to-morrow nominate General
Grant. [Applause.] General Grant has told the American people that he had no
policy to urge against their wishes and their understandings. He has manle pledges
which have bean faithfully redeemed. He endeavors to carry out the national wish
whenever he finds out what that wish is. The judgment of all men is better than
the judgment of any one man. The common sense of the country is better than the
judgment of any man, however lofty or angelic may be his abilities, and the faithful
pubho servant endeavors to find out what is the popular will, what is the wish of the
nation, and then to carry it out, understanding that the great object of government is
to subserve and carry out the wishes of the nation ratier than to carry out the
policy or theory of any individual General Grant's career has been a great success
m all essential and substantial matters. It has been a continual triumph.
He has fostered and protected the interests of the people. I behove they are in-
telligent enough to understand it, and that they intend to entrust those interests to him
for four more years. [Applause.] But whenever General Grant shall betray the
principles of the Republican party upon which he was elected, whenever he shall
become recreant to his high duties, he will pass away as some other men have passed
away. He will be condemned by the popular breath as other men are condemned.
Ho..ted by Google
PHILADELPHIA, 1872. 15
After Senator Moeton liad concluded, calls for several gentlemen were
made, and quieted by the CiiairmaQ, who arniouneed that a delegate from
Massachusetts had the floor.
Mr. Geosoe B. LosiNo, of MassaehuBetts. Mr, President ajid Gentlemen : I do
ttot propose to make a speech. I ondeTstand that the Committee on Permanent Or-
ganization are ready to report, or will be in a moment. It has been usual when
tJiere has been any conflict in regard to the delegates in. the conventions, that the
Committee on Pei-manent Organization should not report until the Committee on
Credentials have made tbeir report. But there is no difficulty whatever. The Com-
Bjittee on Credenti^s have a mere formality to go throagli, and as the Committee
on Permanent Organization is now nearly ready to report, I move they be requested
to do so at the earliest practicable moment.
The motion was agreed to.
Mr. A. J. EiNsiEE, of South Garohna. Mr. President, we have listened with
gteat pleasure t* the eloijuent and eipressive words which have fallen from the sage,
and if I may so express it, the philosopher of New York— I allude to Mr. Gairitl
SmiHi ; and as the time and occasion ssem auspicious, I ask on behalf of this dele-
gation that the Convention now listen to Governor Jamaa L. Orr, of South Carohna.
[Cries all over the house of "Orr!" " Orr !" and great cheering, ]
Governor Orr, upon appearing on the stage, was received with great
cheers. He spoke as follows i
Gentlemen of the OomenUon: I feel that the call which has been made with so
much entiiusiaam by this body is mure of a compliment to the section from which I
oome than any personal compliment intended for me. [Criofi of "No!" "No!"]
We are here for tbe purpose of nominaldng candidates for the Presidency and Vice-
Presidency of the United States, for the Bepnblican party, to fill these offices for four
years more, and I suppose that whatever controversy or contest you may have in
other States, with the assistaaee of onr colored friends in South Carolina yon may be
■weU assured that tjiat State will give a cordial and overwhelming vote for the nomi-
nees of this Convention, [Great applause,]
I have felt more ttian ordinary aohcitnde, which has induced me to attend this con-
vention, growing ont of the many assaults which I have seen made on the President
of the United States. If there was a contest here, it would, perhaps, be inB.ppropriate
to discuss the merits of any of the men who are to be presented; but the evidences
are unmistakable here that the voice of the Convention, simply registering the in-
structions which we have received respectively from our constituents, wiU be the
unanimous nomination of President Grant for re-election, [Applause.] I know that
he has been arraigned ; he has been maligned; he has been traduced. Has he been
traduced or mahgned more than General Washington ? Was there ever a man who
has filled the Presidential chair in the history of this Government who was subject to
more assaults than Washington ? He survived them, and the people that he carried
through the bloody scenes of the Bevolution re-elected li'in for four years, and when
he had served eight years, he retired voluntarily.
The nest great mihtary hero that this country produced was General Jackson,
At the end or before the expiration of his four years he was maligned all over the
land and traduced, and yet the memory of the services which he had rendered to his
countrymen in the war of 1812 carried him triumphantly a second time into lie
Presidential chair. Are the American people now, with the fuU recoUection of the
services rendered by General Grant in behalf of the Union, when they ace enjoying
the full fruition of those services, prepared to reverse the rule which was adopted
with reference to those two illustrions heroes, his predecessors, and cast him aside ?
I don't believe it. [Great applause, and cries of "No,no,noI theywon't"J
It is said that he has failed, failed morally, failed financially, failed in every respect
ta a President. Well, it may be that he has failed. That he has his faults, I have
no doubt ; but General Grant is not the man to fail [Cheers. ] When did he fail ?
16 NATIOSAI. UNION KEPtTBUGAN CO^^VENTI0M,
Where did lie fail ? On what field did he fail ? I was apon the other side, and on©
of the great reasona why I think that my eouiitrymen, in my own seotioa of the
United States, those who in former times, before the war, were aseooiated with ma
ia politioal life, should sustain him, is this, (and I have borne this testimony of him
upon all occasions, from the beginning of the war to the end,) that while he made a
gallant and finally a successful soldier, in all his iatereonrse with the armies of the
rebel States he never once forgot the duties of the soldier or of the gentleman,
I believe mysfif that his re-eleotion is a necessity to preserve peace in the country
acd peace abroad, and if he has failed I like such failures as he has given us within
the la.ll four years. [Renewed applause.] There is no sea that our flag does not
float triumphantly upon. There is not a Court upon the face of tha earlh where the
Government of the United States is not respected more than it has ever been
Your public debt is being extinguished, your public expenses are being reduced,
and your toiation is being diminished. What more could a government do to make
the people contented and happy, and induce them to give to those who are carrying it
on their support and their votes ? [Great applause, f
I come, gentlemen of the Convention, from the Ku-Klus region, and I desired and
intended to have availed myself of the occasion some time, winlst iu Philadelphia, to
present to you some statistics which would perhaps enUghten you in respect to the
outcry which has been raised by the Democratic party in the Southern States, and
in the North and West also, about the outrages that have been committed. In South
Carolina, as you are aware, in nine counties the writ of habeas corpus has been sus-
pended— in a little over one-fourth of the entiTe State. The suspension embraced
those oountias where it was inaisted that the State government was unable — it is
onnacessary for me to discuss why — to give protection to men whose only offence
was their pohtical opinions and sentiments. They were colored men and white
men, and when they went to sleep at night they had no guarantee that they would
not be taken out of their beds at tho dead hour of night ; taken out and scourged, or
else balls put through their bodies. This action on ttie part of President Grant was
not taken until the Iiegialature of South Carolina passed resolutious and sent
messengers to him calling upon him to send the forces of the United States Govern,
ment there to give them protection. With reference to this Ku-Klus law President
Grant had to execute the law. It was in tho statute-book, and he was called upon to
execute it by that tribunal which had the right to .call upon him.
He performed the duty, and I have no doubt performed it cheerfully. He did not
^33 the law. How came it to be passed ? Was it not the thunders of Tlie Ifew Tork
Tribune, day after day and week after week, rung into the ears of Congress, demand-
ing that they should pass some such law to give protection to Uiese people? And
now when the law is passed andhasbeenexecutediumeroy and firmness, how stands
my old friend Greeley ? He has turned round now and denounces Grant and tie
Ku-Elui law for its enormities. Judge Bond has dischat^d his duties wifli great
fidelity in South Caroliua, has administered this law firmly and mercifully, and
although you hesir so much clamor, of people being cast into prison and not being
able to procure bail, what is the result of the trials that have taken place ? There
have been about seven trials only at the two oourfa ; one an acquittal, one a mis-
trial, and five convictions. Those are the results; and yet to show the eitant of it,
and how conclusive the proof was, not made up of manufactured testimony, or oE
testimony of suborned witnesses : more than sixty of these unfortunate people who
have been indicted have voluntarily come forward and pleaded guilty to the ohargo
preferred against them. Now when the facts come to be understood, I should sup-
Eose that, so far from being an element of weakness against the President, they would
e an element of strength, because they prove beyond all controversy that when Presi-
dent Grant finds a law upon the statute-book he intends to execute it honestly and
Gentlemen of the Convention, I thank you for the attention you have given me.
I shall not detain you any further on this occasion. I trust that the proceedings of
this body will be harmonious. I have no doubt that they will, but I hope that wbeu
wa adjouru, and go forth to our respective homes, we will leave this place determined
to light a good fight and win the battle. In less than thirty days ten thousand voices
will be raised, on every hill and in every valley upon the broad expanse of this great
PHILADELPHIA, 1872, 17
Eotinti'y, in favor of the nominees of this Convention, and in November, when the
votes are eonnted, I have no donbt whatever thiit General Grant and his associate
will be ro-eleoted, and that the Eepublicau party and principles will be established
for the nest four years. God grant it may be ro, [Applanse.]
General Shelby M. Ctjllom, of lUmois, in behalf of the Illinoia dele-
gation, asked that Governor Eichaeb J. Oglesby, of lUinois, be invited to
address the Convention. [Loud cries of "Oglesby!" "Oglesby!"]
Grovcrnor Oolebby appeared upon the platform and addressed the
Convention as follows :
SPEECH OF GOVEENOR OGLESBY.
Mr^ Frmdient and QerUlemea of the GonvenUon : I liave been listening for neatly
two hoars to some of the best speeches that have been made for a long time. You have
first been entertained by tie esoellent and forcible speech of tbe temporary president
of the Conventjbn. After that you listened to Hie solemn words of invocation— one
of (be noblest and most fervent prayers that has ever been tittered in this city
or iliia nation. Yoa listened then to the Senator from Illiaois, (General Logan,)
who spoke for a few moments, and again to the Senator from Indiana, (Governor
Morton,) who spoke at some length; but greatest and best of all, especially t« those
of us who never before have listened to his great words, we heard from that venerable,
■enblinie man, of New York, who stood before ns the, impersonation of American
dignity and American benevolence. [Great applause.]
1 thought as the golden words fell from tlmt oraole, that grand old agitator, how
, happy he must now be to realize the results of his long years of labor, when you and
I were young and useless, as he saw before him here these colored men, redeemed
and elevated to the high plateau of American- freemen. [Renewed applause.]
The honorable Gerritt Smitli has not only been a great instrument in the hands of
God, before these American people, in lifting up this down.fiodden and abused race,
but he has taught you and me a little sense— to know and respect lieir rights.
Why, this BepubUcan par^, as Senator Morton haa aaid, is nothing more nor less
than this great Eepublio. Without the Republican party the Republic would be
nothing. [Cheers and cries of assent.] It has elevated us in the eyes of the world,
jn my opiuion, to that hirfl mark in Amerioan politios that no other party preced-
ing it has, in our poUtioalhietoty, ever attained before. In this convention to-day —
neither a constitutional nor unconstitutioiittl, but rather estrs-constitutional body —
the representatives of the outspoken sentiments of the re«>eotive States, speaking
here for the whole people, that mighty tribunal before which politicians quake and
tremble, come to record tJie solemn verdict of the Eepublicau party of the United
States. [Tremendous applause.] It is a eolemn, grimd result.
Tlmt little man, who but a few years ago was as unknown to fame and to this country
as that poor colored man now redeemed and sitting in your midst; the young man
who passed through West Point unnoticed, who passed through the Mexican war in
the same way, unnoticed retired to private life. You . and I know that among all
the great names but a few years ago, this little man's name, DlyBses S. Grant, was un-
known. I felt deeply grieved the other day by that great Senator from one of our
grand States— that noble State that shines like a diamond onthe Atlantic coast— that
noble State which rooked the cradle of American liberty — that noble State that has
ever stood first in behalf of human liberty— I felt really aggrieved in my own soul
when I heard the voice, the grand, potent voice of the Senator from Massachusetts
speak in such disrespeetful language regarding the President, pronouncing against thai
man violent and disrespectful epithets, culminating with the weak, almopt imbecile,
charge that he was a tanner. What has been the histoiy of General Grant ? He
- went a stranger to West Poini He bore the ensign of bis country as a subaltern ofQ-
oer in the Meiican war. He retired from the army and went into the ranks of pri.
vate life, and, as an American citizen ought to do, when the hour came for him to
sapport his wife and children, he went to work lyie an honest man. [Applause.]
How came the American people to select bim for their general ? Can you tall ?
Can history tellf No; no man can tell, unless it is written upon the necessities, of
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NATIONAL UNION KEFTTBLICAN
from ob^oarity ? It waa a mere oireumstanoe in his fife that he lived ii
State. He oame trudgiag along from obscurity step by step. He marched to the
froat. When tlie dark clouds of war were rolling and reverberating around the an-
gry horizon ; when none of ua, not even onr other gallant generals, our other
magnifloent soldiers in the East and West, worthy of all praise, worthy of all
gratitude, when none of us kuew where to look or what to do, this little shadow
of Ulysses 8. Grant fell upon aa [applausoj to give relief ; and although that
mighty voice assailed him but yesterday in the Senate, to-day the feeble voice of
an obscure man who fought under his orders and by his side must now defend
and uphold him. [Immense applause.] You, soldiers of the Potomac ; you, soldiers
of the East; you, soldiers of tixs West, and of aU the land, you remember how
unosteutatioudy and Mudly, how generously," how confidingly he associated with and
commanded us all. He was an enigma from the hour of his birth to this moment ;
his eharaetei' has not yet beea (athonied by this American people. He is purer
and greater and nobler than we have ever thought him to be. Am I not an
American citizen f Are you npt, gentlemen, here with coiisidecable responsibility
upon your shoulders, representing your people? Are not you, and are not all of us
.American citizens, and have we not the same deep and vital interest in the perpetuity
and the continuance of our Government that any other Uving mortal men can possi-
bly have ? I stand before you to-day, for one, ottering in my feeble way the voice
of the great Prairie State, the State ttiat gave to the country the immortM. Lincoln.
I coma here to-day from that State with something of responsibility upon my
shoulders, to speak for her free jwople, to say that onr confidence to-day is unshaken
in the deep and pure patriotism of General Grant, as has been shown in his magna-
nimity, and in h& bright and shining intellect. [Applause.] He is not a man of
words. He cannot alter a speech to defend himsdf at any Ume ; upon no occasion
can we hope for that, and therefore those of us who are gifted witji speech — I am not
sore but that some of us have a little too much of that element [laughter] — are
quite free in our comments and strictures. Upon general grounds, and speaking
for myself as one man, I claim as much interest in good government for myself
and my children as any one can have in perpetuating this great Republic. But I
come here to say, for myself, for you, and for the people whom we represent, that
we have to-day perfect conSdence in General Grant, and are willing to trnst him four
years longer, without so much as a shadow or suspicion of a doabt. [Applause.]
Those gentlemen who profess to believe the liberties of the people are in danger
from .the election of this man or that as President, are altogether mistaken in their
estimate of the popular inteUigeaee and popular patriotism if they suspect that Gan'
eral Grant, or any other living man, can destroy or tamper with the liberties of this
great people. We tolerate incompetent officers ; we tolerate unpalatable acta, but we
suffer nomas, great or small, to trifle with onr liberties. The American people know
how to defend themselves ; they know how to protect their liberties. They are not
alarmed at the cry of centralizaUon of government, or of attempts on the part of this
man or that to usurp power. We are greater than we used to be. We can afford to
overlook many things that twenty-five years ago were Bufficient to raiso the cry that
Hie rights of the States or the rights of the people were in danger. Some of these
venerable relies of the past are still tramping ronndiiu onr State, with the same cry.
[Ijaughter.] Some of these men have beea greatly honored and respactad in the Ea-
publican party, and they regard it as their mission to instruct our people how to vote.
Let me say to yon gentlemen, gathered here in this Convention from all the States of
this Union, to let Illinois alone. She will take care of herself. [Applause.] We
know how to vote ; we know how to discuss politics, and we know how to dispose of
prominent gentlemen who have had no more prudence than to stumble and fall out
of our gall^t ranks as we are marching on. [Benewed applanae.] There is no
trouble in the State of Illinois, gentlemen, and I hope it will be so in every State in
the Union. The public safety and the pnblio security requires that this country shall
still remain in the hands ot it« true and tried friends. No man doubts the fidelity of
flie Kepublioan party to the principles of civil liberty. The people have confidence
le party of freedom and constitutional government. We do not hold the
n of a State as the Brahmin holds his idol ; we do not hold the constitution
of any State as too sacred to be questioned when it is used for purposes of op-
jtression and wrong. Oh, no, genUemen, we bow to the majesty of tiie law ; we
Hosted by Google
PHILADELPHIA, 1873, 19
abide by the requirements of our own State eonstitutiona ; we revereEce the Oonstitn-
tion of the Umtad States ; but beyond coQstittitions, above eonstitatione, below eon-
stitntioas, all around constitntions, stands this great American people, filled vdth
common eenae, deep, profound, unfathomable, and that American people will make
and nnmake coustitations. f'^'^n^^ndons and long-continued applause.]
At the conclusion of the address there were loud calls for Governor
Joseph R. Hawlbt, of Oonneeticnt, ■who went upon the platform and
Mr. Ghairman arid Gentleni^rt of the CowBention : I assure you that while I am
gratified by this call, I am very greatly embarrassed also, for I desire to call for the
report of the Committee on Permanent Organization. There may be other oppor-
tunities during the eession of this Ckinvention when I may desire to say a few words.
It is.not the time now for cool and deliberate argument. Will you, then, permit me
now to call for llie report of the Committee on Permanent Oi^anization ?
The Chaii'man stated he had just been iaformed that the committee is
not ready to report.
Sir. SI. D.'Boeuoe;, ,of California. Mr. President: The delegates of California
have heard with delight the distinguished speakers who have addressed us so elo-
quently in favor of the colored race and those delegate? who repi'esent them here in
Wlis Convention. California would like f* hear a representative of that race speak
for himself. [Great applause.]
There were continued calls for Grey, (colored delegate from Arkansas,)
who was greeted with cheers upon taking the stand. Ho said :
SPEECH OP MB. WILLIAM H. GREY, OP ARKANSAS.
Gentleman of the Corwention : For the first time, perhaps, in the history of the
American people, there stands before you in a National Convention assembled, a lep.
resentafJYe of Uiat oppressed raoe that has lived among you for two himdred and
fifty years, lifted by the m^nanimity of this great nation, by the power of God and
the'laws of war, from the degradation of slavery to the prond position of American
citizenship. [Great applause.] Words fail me, upon this occasion, to thank yon
for this evidence of the grandest progress in civ3ization, when a people of such
magnitude, the grandest and greatest nation upon the face of the earth, not only
in &e reoognilion of the merits and of the glory of the war which her noble sons
waMd so sncoessfally, have, in convention assembled, been willing to listen not only
to the greatest of her orators, but to the hnmhlest citizens of this great Kepnblio.
I scarcely know where to begin upon an occasion like the present If I raise the
curtain of the past, then I open the doors of the saroophaguK from which we have but
just emerged. If I should go back to the primary history of my race in this countjy,
I would open up, perhaps, to discussion things and circumstances that would make
u-i blush, and the blood in our cheeks to tingle in view of the evidences of the shame-
fid and hori^ble condition— -such in its degradation as the American people have never
thought of — from which we have just escaped.
But this is scarcely necessary. We are ready to say in the words of the Good
Book, "let the dead past bury its dead." While we remember these errors, while
we remember all these degradations, there is no vengeance, thank God, found in
our hearts. No revengefin feelings, no desire of retiliation. But God has given
us a heart to thank the American people for the position in which we stand to-day,
and we are willing, as I said before, to "let the dead past bury its dead," and to go
on in our progre^ and fit ourselves to become what we have been made by Jaw,
American citizens in deed and in fact. [Applause.] It is the wonder of the world,
the miracle of the nineteenth centwy, that in ttiis tcemendoas struggle which rocked
tbis great country from centre to circumference, that amid the debns of two hundred
and fifty years, a living people ware found by this great nation and lifted from degra-
dation, as it were, by the strong arm of power, and at once, without preparation and
without forettioueht, placed npon the broad plane of American citizenship. If we
20 NATIONAL UmoN ESPiTBLIC.lN CONrENTION,
have failed somewhat in the sanguiue eipsctaiiou of onr friends, jot. upon the wtole,
I think we have fairly worked out the pwLlem so far as we have gone.
To-day, for the first time, God has pleased me with the sight of tiiat grand,
noble old man, Gewitt Smith, [applause,] who stood by as and for us when we
eould not stand for onrselves, [TremendouR applause.] Tha sight of him repays
me for aO the toO, all tbe suffering, all the pain of yeais. The sight of him renews'
my faith in. that humanity which is divine. [Cheers.] We are here to-day, gentle-
men, a part and parcel of this great people, SQ inte^al part of the great body of
this country, and here for the purpose, in harmony with you, of entrusting the reins
of power into the hands of that hero who ted us through a great and bloody stri\ggle
of years into the bright sunshine of liberty : led ns out t« citiEenship, and who, when
the war ended and he was nominated for President, in 18G8, said, " Let ns have peace. "
The solving of the problem of our citizenship has been the work of years. JJo one
knew how that position was to be brought about. Bat few men could comprehend
the Bitnation or the politioal position of affairs in the Sonth. Few men knew.
I happened to be present on that occasion, in Chicago, in 1HU8, when General
Grant was nominated, apd I know very well, and there are men here who can attest
it, that through tlmt political contest it cost the lives of over three hundred black
men in Arkansas to carry the Stale for Ulysses S. Grant. To-day the problem is
being worked out to further solution. The Ku-Klux problem is being worked out.
The Ku-Klux situation is settled, and the peace of the country secured. But, had it.
not been for the passage of the Ka-Elux law and the man at the helm who had the
nerve to execute it, that organiEation would be t«-daj in full venom in thai section
of the country. Therefore we urge upon the American people to give us Dlysses S. .
Grant for our candidate, for his name is a tower of strengfliat the South, and the only
name that unrepentant rebels respeot. [Prolonged cheers.] He is the nian who is
to work out the great problem . now being solved in this country by the great Re-
publican party; — as has been truly said, tiiat problem has not yet been solved; — its
duties are not entirely fulfilled ; ' its organization must not yet be disintegrated. The
full measure of our citizenship is not yet complete. We stand, many of us, in a
prominent position in the SowUiern States; but light among the people where we
hold these positions the law is so weak and the pablic sentiment so perverse that the
common civilities of a citizen are withheld from us. We want the Civil Eights bill.
[Applause. ] We aak of the American people as the natural result of their own ac-
tion that we shall be respected as men among men, and as free American citizens.
[Cheers.] We do not ask that for any small reason. There are always two classes
of people we have to be afraid of i that class who love us too well and mat class who
hate us t<io bad. [Laughter. ]
All we ask is a fair chance in the race of life. Give us the same privileges and
opportunities that are given to other men. I hope the action of this Convention
will l>e such that we may be able to go home rejoicing. So far as the colored people
of the South are concerned, they are a unit to-day for Ulysses S. Grant. [Cheeis.]
I know they told us after the Cincinnati Convention that "you niggers can now
go for the father of Kepubboanism, Horace Greeley." When we objected to this on
the ground that he was not the Kepublioan nominee they said, "He is the father of
Eepubiicanism." Said I: "Very well; if that is sol thank him for having been
the father of such a brood of illustrious andioyal men, but I fear, hke Abraham of
old, he t^es Hagar instead of Sarah, and we cannot afford that." [Laughter.]
This is the inheritance of the free woman. This is the legitimate inheritance^
these are the legitimate offspring, and we are going to keep the boys at home.
[Laughter.] I am very much afraid that, hke Hagar and Isbmael, the old lady will
have to bunt water in the wilderness. [Groat iaughter.] Theblackpeo^estandsolid
tagetber. They know intuitively who is their friend; Uiey know full well there is no
standing for Oiem outside the Republican party. They know they cannot afford to
Yote for men who say to them when they desu'e to vote, "You have got your rights
now; what more do you want?" They cannot afford to vote for men who have re-
Jnsed to acknowledge or carry out the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amend-
ments to the Constitution. They cannot afford to vote against their own manhood,
and they will not do it. Thank God, the colored men are Grant men with scarcely
an exception to-day. [Applause.] God grant that the Bepublioan party may close
up its ranks and solidly march together, and victory will perch on its banners in the
coming contest. [Frolonged cheering.]
PHILADELPHIA, 18T2. 21
Hon. E. B. Elliott, M. C, a colored delegate from South Carolina,
having been repeatedly called for from the audience, came to the stand
and spoke as follaws r
SPEECH OF ME, ELLIOTT.
Oehtlemmi oftM Convention: It is with great appreciation of the compliment paid
to my State that I rise t« respond to jovir mvitatiou to address this august aHaemltly. I
regret, however, that while aceepting thie invitation, I am compelled by the reoogni-
tion of the fact that we are assembled here for the purpose of an important duty to
th^ people of the nation, which duly is now pressing closely upon as, to aEjk you to
excuse me from anyextand^ remarks. I stand hero, gentlemen of the Convention,
together with my eoUeaguee from tie Soufhem States, to represent the people of my
identity as an illustration of an accomplished fact in American emancipation. [Ap-
plaxise.] As an illustrafion, not only of the magnanimity of the American people,
as stated by my distinguished friend from Arkansas, bat also as a living example of
the justice of Uie American Government, [applaaae,] we stand here in yonc midst,
.gentlemen, to seaure yon of the fact that we believe earnestly and faithfully in the
-principles of hnmanity and ecfaal justice tiiat you have asserted and maintained in
the past We stand forth to-day among you, not only to give onr votes in this body
in behalf of our constituenoies for the nomination of President and Vice-President
for the. coming eJeotioh, but also t<i pledge to you the earnest co-operation of the nine
hundred thousand voters of our race, whose convictions are like unto your own,
We come here to-day to a.^iire the delegates here assembled from the several States ;
we come here to assure the American people, that mindful of their services to us in
. &e past, mindful pf their goodness and of their jastice, we intend to use tiie rights
that have been given ns, to nse the privilege of the elective franchise, in the intOTest
of the country, in the interest of the American people ; and having a common inter-
est with our fellow-eitizens of whatever shade of complexion or from whatever part
of the countiy, asking only what is jnsi and fair, performing what is right, we mean
to contribute our fair share and our fnll qnota toward mating our country what we
coueaive, along with you, it ought to be ; a country that guarantees to all its citizens
the equal protection of the law. [Applause.]
We will unite with you in making the Am^can people the grandest and most pow-
erful and purest in all respects of all the nations upon the face of the earth. We
propose to unite with you, not only in protecting our citizens abroad, not only in
having our banner waving all over this broad land, but that you may guarantee to all
your citizens, whether they be among the lofty or the lowly, the equri protection of
the laws at home.
Gentlemen, I will not attempt to detain the Convention from the purpose of its
duties by any further remarks, but will simply say that the nine hundred liioasand
colored voters of America will stand by you in bringing sniteess to the Republican
party in the coming oanvaes upon the platform of justice and civil as well as politi-
cal equality to all the people of the United States. [Applause.] Upon such a plat-
form wiU we stand with you ; we will pour oUt the gratitude of our hearts in most
earnest devotion to our American inatitntiona, and pour out upon them the rich ob-
lation of earnest devotion. [Applause.]
Mr. H.tEEis, a colored delegate from North Carolina, responding to
repeated calls, sppke as follows :
It is not my purpose to detain this Convention. I cannot be oblivious of the fact
that you have been in session already four long hours, and you must have become
impatient in waiting for the report of the committee which we are now expecting.
I do not appear ugon this platform for the purpose of making a speech. I merely
come forward to acknowledge the compliment paid, not to me, but to the loyal Ee-
pnblicans of North Carolina. [Applause.] I believe, sir, that no section of the
countiy has gone through a more severe ordeal than the State of North Carolina. Ku-
22 NATIONAL UNION KEFUJiLICAN CONVENTION,
Kluiers ihemEclves can. testify to that fact ; and while I state that, I can also say that
I believe, Ku-Klusers permitting — and I suppose General Grant has conyinced them
that they must permit it — -on lie first day of August no State, Norlli, Sonth, East, or
West, will give a better ftceouat of itself than the Kepublicana of North Carolina
will do. I cannot trespass upon your time by asking yon to listen to my speaking.
[Cries of "Goon!"]
I assure you I am not one of those who have entertained the idea for a moment
that this party — I mean the originators of the party — hare ever grown weak-kneed —
decided, to abandon a single principle of ona- original platform— although they may
not liave carried ont the ciril rights bills in the way somfi of us desired. I have not
^reed even wiOi some of the Sdored Republicans who think we ought to be very
careful about committing ourselves to the principles that shal! be enunciated here.
I have always believed that tiie political salvation of the negro and of the honest,
hard-working people of the Soutli resta with the Republican party. I believe, also,
tiat this Convenfiou will adopt a platform broad enough for every loyal man to stand
upon ; that it will, before adjourning, incorporate into the platform every vibd prin-
ciple contained in Sumner's civil rignta hilt Then, when we go into the campaign,
we can unfold our banner in the bright sun and pleasant breeze with the name of
Ulysses 9. Grant ia letters of living Kght upon it. We will make a clean sweep, and
Mr. Gredey and Liberalism will be known no more in this country. [Applause.]
I will say, in conclusion, that our Northern friends need not give themselves any
fear that we are charmed with the name of Mr. Greeley, or fiiatwe have one eye to-
ward Cincinnati. Although ignorant in the South, although we have not had ttie ad-
vantages of education, yet we know by instinct which side our bread is buttered on.
[Lau^ter and applause,] But, ^though we may not comprehend the great political
questions, let me tell you one tiling, that the name of no man, or set of men, in this
land will ever blind us so much as to make us forget the party that gave us liberty ;
tiat party which defends u8, and which will lead us to a glorious future. [Applause.]
The Chaibmah. The Committee on Permanent Organization is ready to report.
OS PEBMANBNT OKGANIZATION.
General Ai,ehight, of Pennsylvania, the chairman of iJic com:
then reported the foUowing aa the
or THE (OjnENTION
ofNjtthCirohna f r
Wm H Y Hackett
Ehsha Baiter 1
H 8 Sargent
H B Claflin
B F CoilT '
Emery A Storrs
H W Ohve
Sol D Meredith
Rh J le Island
A E Burnside
W H Seevera
A. J Ransier
John Carpenter ,
William H Wianer
R M Kellev
A B Norton.
P F Itobey '
Charles T Maloid
Thomas Kelso 1
Alexander H Eice !
Eben B Ward i
C 1 Benedict
George M Ohiloott
E W rlurnov 1
District of Columbia John F Cook
J hn F Benjamin
John S Bowen
William \ Tiirair
X; G Wheeler
Maroas D Borack
Henry F PicUes
J W Batler
C C SteventJin
Chiles S Wiutchouse
T A Sykea
Di&tnct of Colon
James A Sanda
P M Shiitley
A T Felt
H B Kmoade
H H Bingham
Wilson W Aldnch
H G Maswell
G T Rnbey
W Hams Ir
E L Weler
W G Taok
Charles B Whiting
B K Bruce
J B Weston
of the committee was
I T Hoke
L F Fnaby
Jerome B Chaffee
bia. Alei. K Shepherd
E J Curtia
Cieneral Albbioht, of PennhylTania. Mt. Chm/rman . The Committee on Organi-
zation desire tfl present the name of General' H, H. Bingham, of this city, for the per-
manent Secretary of this Convention. He is the man to whom we are indebted for
this fine building and the fine adornments wj have here, and to the great welcome the
delegates have received in the city of Philadelphia. I move he be made that Secre-
tie has just been unaoimonsly elected President of this body, and will now take his
The Hon. Thomas Settle, of North Carohna, President elect, was then
escorted to the chair, now vacated by Mr. JIcMichael, and was received
with enthusiastic and prolonged cheering, the audience rising to their
feet. He addressed the Convention as follows :
ADDRESS OF THE PRESIDENT.
Gentlemen of the GonverttiBn ; I thank you for the distinction of presiding over
the deliberations of' the greatest party in the greatest Power on earth ; and I accept
it, not so much as a personal tribute to myself, as the right band of fellowship ex-
tended from out magnanimous sisters of the North to (he erring, wayward, punished,
regenerated, patriotic sisters of the South. [Imraeuse applause.]
We have high duties to perform. We have assenibled to name the man who shall
administer the laws of the great Repubhe for the next four years ; but our duties are
plain. We shall be recreant to every trust and fail to respond to the vibrations of
every patriotic heart if we do not, with one voioe, name the soldier and patriot, Ulysses
S. Grant, for the next President. [Renewed applause.]
We of the South recognize and demand him as a necessity for law and order in
that portion of the country, and for the freedom of all men. [Applause.] It is not
proper that I should datain you with eitended remarks this evening. I shall, there-
fore, assume the duties which you have imposed upon me, and shall be very glad if
an opportunity is alforded me to address you at greater length later in the session and
trhen our labors shah have closed.
■ 24 HATIONAl UNION EBPUELICAN COHVERTION,
Mr, CffiKLEs S. Spencee, of New York. Mf. Preddent : I move that we adjourn
until to-morrow at ten o'clock. A gi'eat many men are tired out, and wo all wieli rest
now, that we may come fresh to the labors of ttiat important day.
The motion waB carried.
I adjourn is agreed to, and ihe Convention stands
Secoko Day — Thubsday, June C, 1872.
At twenty minutea after tgn o'clock the President of the Convention,
Judge Settle, called the Convention to order.
Prayer was offered by Eev. Dr. Harper, of the North Broad street
Church, Philadelphia, as follows :
Our Heavenly Father, Thon who rulest in Heaven, we invoke Thy presence and Thy
blessing. We desire to begin this day that is to be memorable in the future and solve
the destiny of this nation — we desire to begin, O Jjord, this day witii Thee. We come
before Thee with a deep reverence for Thee. Preside over this assembly. Give them
one ihind and one heart. Help them to adopt the best measares. May the platform
be the embodiment of the moatlramane principles. May the men selected be good and
true men ; may the land approve all they do. O Lord, we thank Thee for Thy care
of us in days of adversity ; let ns not forget the ocean of blood through which we
have passed. Bless the people, our rnlers, the enfranchised, the immortal dead, the
widows and cbildren, and make ns a blessing among the nations of the earth, and we
shall ascribe all the praise to tie Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, evermore. Amen.
Gen. H. H. Bingham, the permanent Secretary, then called the roll of
States, and all were found present, with full delegations.
Mr. Devobe, of Oregon. Jfr. CAmmwMi.,' Oregon is redeemed. [Applauso.] Oregon
is redeemed both as to Representatives in Congress and her Legislature. [Eecewed
applause. ] On last Monday an election was hold in the State of Oregon. Tour years
we have been under Democratic rule. We are now Eepublican.
The Convention hailed the announcement with repeated outbursts of
applause. A New Hampshire delegate proposed three cheers for Oregon,
which were heartily given.
RULES akd' order of bosinbss.
The President announced as the bnsiness first in_ order the reception
of the report of the Conomittee on Rules and Order of Busineas.
Mr. Oliver Ames, of Massachusetts. Mr. President: The Committee on Rules and
Order of Bu»ness respectfully report as follows :
Hule 1. Upon all subjects before the Convention, the States shall be called in al-
, phabotioal order, and nest the Territories. , '
Rule 2. Each State shall be entitled to double the number of its Senators and Bep-
resentatives in Congress according to the recent apportionment, and each Territory
shall be entitled to two votes. The votes of each delegation shall be reported by its
PHILADELPHIA, 1872. 25
Ktile 8. The report of tte Committee on Credentials ehall be disposed of before tha
report of flie Committee on Platform and Eesoliitions is acted upon, and the report
of tiie Committee on Platform and Resolntione shall be disposed of before the Con-
vention proceed to the nomination of oacdidates for President and Vice-President.
Knle 4. In muTring the nominations for President and yice-Preaident, in no case
shall tbe calling of ^e roll be dispensed with. When it shall appear Uiat any candi-
date has received the majority of the votes oast, the President of fiie Convention shan
announce the qnestion to be, " Shall Hie nomination pf the candidate'be made nnan-
imoua ? " But if no candidate shall have received a majority of the votes the Chair
shall direct the vote to be again taken, which shall be repeated nntil some candidate
aball have received a majority of the votes oast.
Bule 5. When a majority of the delegates from any two States shall demand thB,t
ft vote be recorded, the same sh^ be taken by States, the Secretary calling Ihc roll at
States in the order heretofore stated.
Bule G. In the record of Hie vote by States the vote of each State shall be announced
by the chairmen ; and in ease the votes of any State shall be divided, the chairman
shall announce Uie miniber of votes cast for any candidate, or for or against any prop-
Kule 7. When the previous question shall be demanded by a majority of the dele-
gation of any State, and the demand seconded by two or more States, and the call
sustained by the majority of ttia Convention, the question shall then be proceeded with,
and disposed of according to the rules of the Mouse of Representatives in similar
Eule 8. No member shall spealt more than once upon the same question, nor lon-
ger than five minutes, unless by leave of the Convention, except tiat delegates pre-
senting the name of a candidate shall be allowed ten minutes to present the name of
Knle a. The rules of the House of Representatives shall be the rules of this Conven-
tion, so far as they are applicable and not inconsistent with the foregoing mles.
Rule 10. A Republican National Committee shall be appointed, to consist of one
member from each State, Territory, and District represented in this Convention.
The roll shall be called, and the delegation from each State, Territory, and District
shiJ! name, Uiroagii their ehiurman, a person to act as a member of such committee.
OLIVEE AMES, Chairman.
D. VlUKEES, Secretary/.
The report was unanimoualy agreed to.
EBPOET OP THE COManTTEai ON CEHBENTIALS.
The President next called for the report of the Committee on Creden-
Mr. IsiAO Pbndleioh, of Iowa, chairman. Mr. President: The Committee on
Credentials respeotfally report that there are present full delegations from all the
States and Territories, and that no seats are contested, eioept those of Utah and Da-
kota. The committee have decided to admit the four delegates from Dakota, giving
them the right to two votes in the Convention. In the case of Utah the commit-
tee have decided that the delegation represented by A. S. Gould and 0. J. HoUister
is the more regular, and are therefore entitled to their seats.
[The report of the committee in detail is given in an appendix.]
A DELB04TE from Cahfomia. Mr. Fretideni: I desire to move an amendment to
the report, and I do not know whether this is the proper time to move that amend-
ment.. Ihaveunderstood that there being a contest among the delegates from Utah,
one set, and the regular set of delegates from that Territory, were mled out because
of their being Mormons. X therefore move that the report be amended so as to ad-
mit both sets of delegates, as was done in the other case. [Criesof "No!" "No!"]
The PBEamiNT. The qnestion is upon the' amendment.
Mr. E. B. Stodsabid, of Mussachnsetta. 1'he gentleman is mistaken in regard to
tbe decision of the committee. It was made upon the ground that the delegates who
Hosted by Google
. UNION KEPDBLICAN CONVENTION,
were reported against were not elected at a dulj oaUed convention. This is tiie sub-
Btanoe of tlie report of the committee. [Cries of "Question'"]
Mr. Chakles S. Smikoeb, of New Yoric. Tlieae gentlemen, sir, hayp come a Ions
way here from Utah. There are but two of them. I shaU snpport the amendment ■
I think we had better mairy them ali [Laughter and applause.]
Mr. Geobgb Wuets, of New Jersey. Mr. PreaiOent: In the committee I moved
preciBely this compromise, but the delegates whose eiclnsiou ii
diced to accept it!
The amendment was lost, and the report of the committee a
presented was adopted, with a single dissenting voice.
THE NATIONAL ESECDTIVB COMMITTEE,
The President. While waiting for the report of the Committee on ReBolutions
the Secretary will caU the roll of States for nomination of members of the National
The beoietary then called the roll, with the following result
Alabama George E Speuoer
Arkantaa Powell I layton
Cahforma George C Gorham
Isham S Fanning
lUmoia J 1 ScammoS.
Indiana O P Morton
Iowa GrenvilleW Dodge
Kansas John A Martin
Kentucky William C Goodloe
Louisiana Q CasanaTe
Maine William P Prye
Maryland C C Fulton.
Massaohnaette Wilham (.liflin
Michigan William A Howard
Minnesota John T Avenll
Mississippi O French
Missonri R. T Ian Horn
Nebraska E. E. Cnnnmgham.
Nevada. James W.Nye,
Johej h C. Abbott.
B R. Cowen.
Joseph G. Wilson.
Wilham H. Kemhle.
William D Brayton.
PrantlmJ Moses, Jr.
E 3. Davis.
H H Wella, Jr.
anzona John Titus.
Colorado Edward M MeCook.
Dikota Wilham H H. Beadle.
District of Columbia Henry D. Cooke.
Idaho John B, McBride.
Montana Lucius B. Oharch.
Naw Meiioo Joseph G. Palen.
Utah Alfred S. Gould.
Washington L. B. Andrews.
Wyoming William T. Jones.
As the names were announced nearly aH
received with hearty ap-
The noOiinationa were unanimously confirmed.
Besolved, That we earnestly desire peace with all nations aa the greatest earthlv
blessing, and the continuation of friendly relations with them, founded on principles
of justice and right. To accomplish Uiese great ends we are wiping to make all
proper ooaoeasions. The spirit has characterized our intercourse with the neoBle and
government of Great Britain. . -^ "^
_ Sesolved, That in view of existing circumstances, we deem it proper to declare that,
in our jndgment, when these means faU, our "EngUsh cousins " will find the people
of the United States of this day as firmly resolved and united in the maintenance of
OUT rights and honor aa our fathers were in 1776 and 1313 j and that we will uphold
PHILADELPHIA, 1872. 27
tile hands of our Government in asserting them, withont distinotion of party or bco-
tion, as onr faUiers haye tau^t ns, "witti onr hves, our fortunoa, and our saored
J^olned, That the " Trent affair " was settled at the time by the prompt action, of
onr Government before the act complained of was made known by the Britieh govern-
ment, and that we commend thia example to favorable consideration with respect to
the " Alabama claims," which must also be eetUed, by peaceable means or otherwise.
Mr. Stevens, of New Jersey. Mr. Prmdent: In order to save time and facilitate
ba^finess, I desire to move tliat the remainder of the resolutions and all others be re-
ferred, without debate and wifbout reading, to the committee on Kesolutions.
A Delegate from Maryland moved that the resolutions lay on the
The motion of Mr. Stevens was adopted.
Mr. Robinson, of Louisiana. I have a resolution I deaire to offer, and I aak that
it be read withont referring to the Committee on Resolutions.
The PBEainENT, Under the order just adopted the resolntion cannot be read,
Mr. Jones, of Alabama, offered a resolution, which vraa referred with-
out reading or debate.
EBSOLTITIONS OF THE CNIOK LEAGUE OF AMERICA.
Mr. MoMicHAEL, of PennHjlvania. I desii-e to present a commiiMcation from the
Union Leagne of America, and ask that it be read.
The CoDTention, on motion, granted leave, and the commimieation and
OCGompanying resolutions were read, as follows ;
pEiiJiiEUHli, JuTie 5, 167a.
To the President orad Members
of the Naiwnitl BepubUean Convention:
Agreeably to the action of tie National Council of the Union League of Araerioa,
at its meeting in this city on the 4th instant, we have the honor to present to you the
accompanying paper, exprcBsive of the views and principles of the organization wMcli
JOHJN' W. GEARY, President.
T. G. Baeeb, Secretwry.
JAMES BUCHANAN, Kew Jersey,
"W. J. P, WHITE, Pennsylvania,
T. L. CARDOZA, South Carolina,
"WILLIAM A. COOK, District of Columbia,
0. C. PINCKNEY, New York,
J, H, HARRIS, North Carolina,
J. H. JOHNSON, Arkansas,
The members of The Union LBiotra op AmEBioi, in Nationai. Counch. assembled,
do hereby affirm their adherence to the following sentiments and principles :
First. We reject, as utterly unfounded, the idea tiiat the misBion of the Republi-
can party has been accompijshed, and that no necessity eiista for its continuance.
By its principles and actions the nation was saved during the period of the late re-
bellion, and by Siem must it \,1 preserved and exalted in coming time.
Second. Whatever may be its pretenoes, the Democratic party remains unchanged
in character and ultimate purposes.- What it was from April, 1861, to April, lS(iE,
it still is, and will continue to be. Incapable of reform or improvement, it wiU al-
ways be unfit to direct or govern the nation.
Third. In the so-called Liberal Bepablican party we find no attractive poUtical
virtue and no important distinctive principle. It is manifesUy an organization cre-
28 NATIONAL UNION EEPUCLICAN COtTVENTION,
ated bj petscnal designs, and b; fe^lmgs so embitteTed end intense that it is pi^.
paied and solioitoas to form aa alliance wifJi the l>eiiio<!ratio party, as the only pos-
sible metlii>d of accomplishing its narrow ajid unjustiHable piuposes. This fact
alone develops ita time nature; an,ditrec[viires uo other f<i present it to the people,
as inherently base and ignoble, and altogeUier undeserving of their approval and
Fourth. All AmericRTi citizens, without distinctioii of race, color, or religion, are
entitled to the same civil and political lights, and to equal and exact justice before
the laws, sttbjeet only to the Constitution of the Uoilad States.
Fifth. The system of terrorism which so long infested, and still esista, in some ,
portions of the South, must be put down at all hazards, and the guilty parties pun-
ished as other outlaws and murderers are punished.
Sistli. We earnestly urge the House of Representatives to pass the civil rights and
enforcement bills pending before it ; and it is our profound conviction that Congress
should Bot Sdjonm until these bills shall become laws. ■
Seventh. The wisdom of the adoption of the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth
amendment? to the Constitution has been fully demonstrated by their practical oper-
ation, and we wiU earnestly oppose any attempt, open or insidious, to either repeal
them or weaken their force.
Eighth. We believe the national debt, contracted to save the life of the nation,
, should be paid io the uttermost farthing, according to the latter and spirit of the laws
which authorized it. This payment should be steady but gradual, so as to avert op-
pressive taxation, and distribute a portioti of the burden upon the vastly increased
wealth and population of future years. ,
Ninth. All tariff and interna! taxation nfeeded for the reduction of the public debt
and for the support of the Government should be so adjusted as to bear with least
weight upon the laboring classes, and to foster and encourage the industries of the
nation, which are the foundation of all national prosperity.
Tenth. We favor the reform of the civil service so that capacity and integrity, and
not political infiuence alone, shall be the tests for oiBca ; and we have no f asth in the
accomplishment of that reform by Uie party which originated the maxim, " To the
victor belongs the spoils," and which has faithfully observed the maxim whenever
there were any spoi^ to divide.
Eleventh. The adniinistration of President Grant is one which is approved by the
calm, sober sense of the nation, and however much it may be misrepresented by those
■whose habed of the ™«ri dates back to the times of his victories over the rebels in
the field, or by others whose narrow jealousies or ambitious aspirations have led them
to array themselves against him, the fact that during his administration three hun-
dred and thirty-two millions of the public debt have been paid ; the premium on ^hj
has become nearly nominal ; the revenue taxes have been greatly reiluced and faith-
fully collected; civil service reform has been suocessf ally inaugurated ; and an ac-
quiesoeiioB, real or pretended, in all the cardinal principles the Kepublican party hss
urged during the past years, been obtained, has strengthened his hold upon the con-
fidence of the people no less than his splendid victories in the field had endeared him
to their hearts.
The reading of the resolutions was received \vith demonstration a of
approyal by the Convention.
Mr. Geobob B. IiObdjo, of Massachusetts. Mr. President : The organization pre-
senting these resolutions is entitled to the respect of every EepubUcan in the United
States. It has done more than almost any easting association that I know of to keep
the Eepablicaa sentiment strong before the people from the opening of the war to
this hour. The President of that association, with whose name every loj^al Ameri-
can is familiar, and who has done so much for the State over whose councils he pre-
sides, is also entitled to file aSeotion and regard of every Republican of every State.
The name of Governor Geary is dear to every Republican, Horth and South. Now,
sir, it is on this account that I desire to step out of our usual channel and to move
that these resolutions, be entered on the records of thif(^Convention and be piinted
with the proceedings.
The Chairman put the motion to the Convention, and it was unani-
'PHILADELPHIi., 1S72. 29
Mr. WeBstbb Flasaoan, of Tesaa. Mr. Pre»ldm,t : Yesterday this CkmTention was
edified by orators from variotia portions of the Union. We heard only from those
who were loyal during the war. We heard those who were opposed to BeoeBBion.
Teiaa feels that she has a right to be heard, and asks that she be heard in the person
o£ Geueral Georee W. Carter, who was the leader of one of the Southern brigades in
the lata rebeilion. I had the honor, and I ana glad to express it, of being an humble
private in that soldier's corps, and I ask that he be heard on this occasion.
Cries for "Carter!" "Carter!" "Speech!" &c., -were heard.
Colonel GteoBGE W. Caeteh then proceeded upon the platform and
spoke as follows :
RKMAKKS or COI^SEL GEORGE W. OARTEK.
Mr PTeddent and Oentlemm of the ComientUin : I appreciate your desire to hear
something of the Hepublioaa oandidatea from a Confederate, who believed he was
ripht althongll a Bpeeoh from me at this time may not be very appropriate. , I am an
e^Coafederate soldier who needed reeonstiuction, and it 1 am any judge m (he mat-
ter, I believe that I have been reconstraeted. I came out of the war with only two
plants in my platform. One was from the DemooratSc platform, whioh was, if I could ,
iotpet what 1 wanted, to take what I could get The otlier was a philoaophioal plank
to have no prejudices, and that a whipped man was not entitled to his prejudiceH. 1
think I am a type of the men who fonght honesUy and got whipped squarely on that
question We have eoroe through the war, and have learned lessons which we think
will be valmtble I think ^ur.p'eople down Uiere are learning. One of the lessons
we have learned is this, that the will of the American people is to be respeeted,
The^Hoilander was our type of the revolationist. We have now taken the French
type, that when.we get whipped, if the country won't follow ua we will follow it. We
oame ont of the war with that purpose, and jou will find it in tie South to-day m the
PresidenHal election approaching, and if the issue is made between Grant and Gree-
ley the Southern people who were honest in their convictions, and have abandoned
their abstractions as far as they entered into the fight, prefer an honest, praoUcal
man, who makes them behave themselves. [Applause. J They, prefer a man who
does not cry over them as they weep over their distresses, but tells them they must
work if they would be happy ; that the true remedy for (he evils under which IJey
labor is to go to work and adjust themselves to the condition of the country as they
find it in their new relations. I heUeve to-day if the Democrats endorse Mr. Gree-
ley, General Grant wiU get more straight Democratic votes than Greeley wiU m
Louisiana. [Applause. ]
In response to loud calls, Mr. Stbobach, of Alabama, took the stand
SPEECH OF ME. PAtlj. STEOBACH.
Gentlemen of the Con'mntion:- It is with great diffidence that I approach the stand
this morning. I understood that yesterday I was called for, as great desire was e^
pressed to hear from a naturalized citizen, but I was absent at the moment. I did
not eipect to speak to-day, because I thoaght there was no necessity. You already
know bow the naturalized citizen in his gratitude feels for this adopted country of
his I saw this rooming in one of He papers a slur on the Oonventioo, alleging that
it did not allow the naturalised citizen to be heard. In presence of all allow me to
return my sincere thanks to you tor the honor conferred upon me in making me one
of the Vice-Presidents of this Convention, which, in my opinion, represents the only
true and unselfish patriots of this great oountry-the Republicans. . . „, ^
I will take the liberty of speaking to you first as a oitizen of my adopted State,
Alabama and then as one of those who represent what is called the German element.
We number twenty delegates from the Southern States, and I saw a newspaper tlua
momina which called this Convention a convention of ofSce-holders and office-seek-
ers None of the delegates from Alabama are office-holders under the Federal Gov-
ernment. None of us are office-seekers. We can have offices, if we want them, Et
30 NA.TIONAI. UNION EErOBLICAN CONVENTION,
home from the hands of our Eepubliean fi'iendB. I had tho honor to represent my
coiiaty for four yeare in our legislature in that cradle of seeesaion — Montgomery —
and iu the hail where WiUiam L, Yancey taught his pernicious doctrines. I was sent
there by an overwhelming majority of Eepublisaus, and at the iaat election they made
me sheriff of my county. But I am no office-seeker. I am here, I ti'ust, actuated by
trne, patriotic motives.
One of the distinguished orators said on yesterday tliflt he came from the Ku-Klux
region. I am not from (hat region, but I know something about it. Many ontrageoua
and terrible crimes have been committed in my adjacent neighborhoods by bands ot
disguised, midnight assassins, and, wherever fmt hell-born oi^fljiization exists, it will
need the strong arm of the Government to protect Kepubiioans. I will mention one
instance ; in the jail of my county are confmed 33 United States prisoners, a major-
ity of them having been committed under the Ku-Klus law. One of the most terri-
ble crimes whieh has ever disgraced the pages of history will be tried to-day in Mont-
gomery, before Judge BnEteed. The case is one in which a colored man and his wife
were burned alive, and the man's only crime was that ha had married a white woman.
- I tell you that I consider that a matter of taste. It is nobody's business who a man
marries. If that white woman desired to marry that colored man, no one else had
anything to do with it. This bMid of assassins went at the hour of midnight, and
destroyed their little cabin, and after kilhug the husband, burned the idfe alwe. This
is one of the many instances to show you that the Ku-Klux are not as the Democratic
papers represent them, a myth, for there are facts and accusations so plain that we must
have the strong arm of the Grovemment to protect us in the South. While if we should
have Uie philosopher Greeley as our next ruler, I am confident that the Itepubhcans
of the Sou^ will suffer. I hope, therefore, that yon will give us as our next ruler,
the man who is able and. wUlirig to make the people down there respect our rights
for all time to come, I mean Gen, Grant. Among other arguments which I have
haird sneeringly ns^ against President Grant— not counting the abuse and calumny
heaped upon him hy the great MaBsachusetfs Senator a few days since, whieh, by the
way, gave Gract more sympathy and votes than Mr. Sumner dreamed of — is this;
that he is not a great speaker. But we don't want a man of speech ; we want a man
of will and action. But yet I remember that Gen. Grant made three speeches, which
are engraved with an iron pen in the book of history, and which will endear him for-
ever to the Union-loving people of this cmintry. 'The firat was when he said, ' ' I
■wiL fight it out on this line, if it takes all snmmer." The second was at Belmont,
when he said, ' ' We whipped them once, and I hope to God we will whip them again ; "
end the third and noblest speech of this great captain, who knew that every battle of
the war had crowned his brow with laurels, was when he said, "Let us hive pbaob."
I ask if you do not find more force, more justice, and especially more patriotism,
in those three litUe speeches, than in all the late oratorical displays of the renowned
Senators from Massachnsette and Missouri?
And now, gentlemen, let me approach one subject, which 1 touch with almost
bleeding heart, being compelled to arraign before you a countryman and friend of
mine ; a man who h^ worked f Mthfully for the Eepublican party in the past, but who
seems Iw be parting with his old love for unaccountable or ambitious reasons. Out of
the many indictments preferred by the EapubUeans against him, I will arraign him
before you to-day on one only. Gentlemen, I love my fatherland and am not ashamed
of it. I know tlwt every naUva-bom American will respect me the more for it. But
beyond this love for my mother country — which gave me only birth — I cherish a deep
and undying love, mingled with eternal gratitude, for my adopted country, which
gave me a home and fireside for my wife and ohildreu, and I would rather dlow my
toi^iie to cleave to the roof of my mouth before uttering one word of abuse against my
home and government, to bring my adopted country into disgrace and difficulty
with a foreign power, even though it be my mother country. J tell you, gentlemen,
that were I to live to be as old as Methuselah, I could never atone for this crime.
And yet that man upon whom the people, and especially Bepubhcans, have bestowed
the highest position with which the American people can honor an adopted citizen,
has committed that crime under a frivolous pretest; but thanks to the -wisdom of our
government, and the man who controls the diplomacy of the old fatherland, it re-
sulted in nothing but a Kttle oratorical display and waste of precious time.
But, gentlemen, I am confident that the EepubUcau party, like an affectionate, for-
bearing, aad forgiving mother, will be wilUng to take back the erring son into its
PHILADELPHIA, 1872. 3X
fold, when lie ia wilHng to acknowledge that tho false Democratic prophets deceived
Mm and a few of hia followers for the aceompHBhitient of their own aims and the de-
Btmctioa of the Republican party. But if he should insist, in his incomprehensible
bliudnefis and self delusioQ, in continuing this unholy war for fh« only purpose of de-
livering the Eepublioau party, hand and foot, to its arch ememy, he will be left alone,
deserted by his former allies, and the great Senator from Missonri will not have »
coiporal's guard of his Eepnblioan oountrymeu to attend his political funeral. Att
overwhelming majority of the adopted German sons of this great and free eountiy
will turn to the old flag in peace, as they did ia war, and marah on, as in IfiGS, to the
great Kepublioan victory in 1872. *
Calls were next made for " Storrs of lUiaois ! " and in response thereto
Mr. Emeby a. Stobk3 came to the platform.
SPEECH OF E. A. 8TOHR8.
Mr. ChairmanandGmtlemanoftlieOonveTiUon: Thismagnificent assemblage of
people doesn't loot very mneh as if the mission of tho Eopublican party was ended.
I represent in part the greatest carpet-bag State in the Union— the State of Elinois—
for in oar delegation there is but one man bom in the State. [Applause.] We came
to that State without even a carpet-bag.
We came there wifb noUiing but lessons of earnest wort and resolute purpose, and
high heart and sti-ong will, that we had learned in our old Eastern and New England
homes. In twenty fire years the carpet-baggers of Illinois have built a magniftcent
empire, and, on the shores of that great lake, one of (be most magnificent cities that
the world has ever seen. I say, then, that if the carpet-bag tree produces this Mnd of
frnit, for God's sake plant it all over the nation. [CheersJ As proud as I was of my
great city a year or two ago, I was prouder still of it after the flames had swept over
it, when, ont of tbe still unextinguished fires, I saw the spirit of the carpet-ba^er
rising nnconquered and unconquerable.
They claim that the mission of tbe Eepnblioan party is ended, and that its work is
done. It has never made a promise it has not kept ; it never made an engagement it
lias not performed ; it never entered into any contract it l«is not executed, and there-
fore, I suppose, ita mission has terminated ! It is one of those parties stronger than
its leaders. I remember one day we discharged a whole cabinet of leaders, and it
opeiated like a tonic, and we were stronger for the eseroise the next morning. The
pathway of the Eepublicanparty is strewn with the oaroaBseBotits leaders. The parly
goos after 5t9 leadere when those leaders go to the plaee where the rank and file desire
to go. It is stronger than platforms, for the platforms of the Kepublioan party are
written upon the hearta of Ihe rank and file in a language above that inscribed in the
records of our conventions. [Cheers.] And the conventions take their law from
the rank ind file ; they do not give it to the rank and file. We know t».day what the
platform of the Eepnblioan party is, and what the platform of the Republican party
will be. We are told, however, that our great chieftain has been untrue to the cause
whioh he represente and unfaithful to the principles upon which he was elected, and
Mr. Sumner, in a iwent speech, made these charges. Let me say that the Eepnbli-
can paity has always been a party of deeds and not of vrords— a party of achievements
and not merely a party of promises ; and that so far as history is concerned, the
record of what our great captain has done, and the deeds he has accomplished, will
live in the pages of history long after the speeches of Sumner and his other defamers
shsdl have gone into obUvion. .
T _.,. _ ,|. ijat^ yg^ longer, my fellow-citizens, than to say that the people of tliis
"""* '"""tt and will not forget the great achievements which Ulysses 8.
v.^A i„ *i.e redemption of this land, nor the great deeds which he
^_. ....v..,.. ,>i. .^n ici-j.uB u. the nation's history; and when the hour shall come
they will give voice to their grafitade by a larger majority than any President ever
yet received, in the election of Ulysses S. Giant as his own successor. TGreat ai>-
A Deleoitb from California. I desire to inquire whether Uie Committee on Ees-
olntions in ready to report. We understand the order of business requires the plat-
form to be adopted, and we desire that to be done so that we can proceed to the nomi-
nation of Grant. [Applause.]
32 NATIONAL TTNION REPUBLICAN CONVENTION,
The President. I am informed that the oommittee wiU be ready to report in n
Hou^h' T Blow, of Missouri. Mr. Prmdent : The delegates of fhis State ask a
faror ot this Oonyention, if it is plessaait to grant it We have m our midst a di^
tincuiBhed representative of Missouri, familiar with the pojit^.^^, -^^ /.l"^^ ^"'™Vr „
■ "y of Sis own State of MisBonri. We aek that jou will hsten to John B. Hen-
In response to general calla from the audience, Hon. John B. Hender-
son rose in his place in the Convention, and spoke as follows :
SPEECH OF EK-SBNATOK EENDEB80N.
Mr PreMmt and Gentlemeft iff the Conventwn, : You want to hear something of
Miasonri polities. Well, Missouri politics for the hat two jeai's have been a httle
misty. -We have so ma^y great men m Missouri that it is exceedingly d.ffleult to
satisf^ them all. [Laughter.] I cannot, my feUow-eitiuenB, when yoii ,. , ..
, ■" .. \ ^. ?ji t A T ».o,.o ^r.\A tn niir iiplpmltl(in not to ICSlSt
Upon it. It i8 not well to press remarEs upon « u-juj wu^u *y=j „.,.^^. Jina
listen. We came here lot the purpose of making nommations. After these
and weary, aEf«mpt to address you, and 1 have said t^ — -~~a . ,. , .
-•- It is not well io press remarks upon ft bodywhen they are not moJinetttc
I We came here lot the purpose of making nominations. After these are
.un«e, I will, with your good-wili, select an opportunity of addresBiug a few words
to this body. Wait till the resolutions are adopted, and I have a test to talU to you
on I mioht not talk in eiacfly the orUiodoi manner. I have my choice ""^egaid
to the selections to be mode for the offices of President and Vice-Pr^ident, hut let
me tel! you, however, tliat after you shall have made the nominations, i, f or one, snau
ffivetiiem my most hearty support; and whatever you may think of Missouri, lam
here to sav that now the RepubUoan party of that State is united. [Applause.J
There will come up from the prairies and from the valleys of that State one universal
shout for the nominations of this Convention. [Applause.] It h^ been a most un-
fortimate quarrel in onr State, but it is healed now. There have been Liberals ^d
regulars, but now they are upon Uie same phaform. [Applause.] Some of us m the
State favored the repeal of constitutional restrictions against those who had been en-
gaged in tiie rebellion. I, for one, after the war was over ""^/^ "^.^"f ^f, ^'^^
Miff we could, was in favor of the constitutional amendments adopted by the ice-
pnbfi<san party to enfranchise the rebels ; not that they deserved it, but simply be-
«use it ^ ^gerous in a republican government to keep a part of her citizens
eicluded, and I therefore went for repealing the constitutional restnetiona.
But, my fellow-citizens, the nominee in Missouri having received the support of
the Democratic parly (and it always seemed dangerous to receive it from that ^y, J
after Ms re-election seemed to feel greater obligations to the Democra<^ of the day
than to tiie Liberal portions of the RepubUcan parly. Unf ortiinal«ly he left ns, he went
astray and now we wish him all the success that he can possibly have eseept an eleo-
tion Qpon the tail of the Liberal Republican ticket. After that election was over, 1,
for one, supposed that all the elements of separation, and aU that had kept ns from
harmoniously working together, had disappeared, and that there was no reason why
aTparty should not unitl. It is united, and we wish our friend Carl Schurz would
be with us. But it seemed that this enfranchisement alone was not enough, ana im-
mediately after the election they brought on a new issue. Ihey wanted free tiade.
WelL gentlemen, we axe rather a fre^trade State m Missouri. We should be for free
ti^ade, if we had no debt. But we do not believe in running this great Government
for our eicln^ve benefit. We realise tile amenities of life, we are a clever people,
and understand the various wants of this great nation. , , , . , ^ a, ^ v
AlUiough our State is largely a farming SUte, and would be largely benefited by a
low tariff! our people are not so wild that (hey do not recognize the rights of otiiera,
and in levying a tariff for rerenuelliey could not overlook lie great interests of the
(treat indnsti:ies of Pennsylvania and other States of the nation. [Applause.J Uur
feiend Schurz went to Cincinnati and secured an equivocal platfonn, and the fatiier
of hiah tariff is the candidate that stands upon it. I understand that in a short time
he is to visit Europe, and, I suppose, for the purpose of getting a large supply, ot
"^pretzel seed " for his candidate. [Laughter and applause.] ;
Mr. W. D, BioKHAM, of Ohio. Mr. President ; I move a suspension of the rules,
and that we proceed to ballot for President of the United Status.
PHILADELPHIA, 1872 33
_ The Phesidbst. There is a rule just reported and adopted that until the platform
IS adopted no ballot for President shall ta£o place. We are informed that it will be
Bonio time before the committee can report. It is inoyed and seconded that the rule
■which prohibit? a ballot for a candidate for President be fiuspended, and the Conven-
tion proceed to nominate a President. As many as are in favor of tiiat motion will
Mr. HiLi., of Mississippi Mr. President: 1 desire to suggest tbat while the
various delegations are presenting to this ConTSntion, from dilferent sections, elo-
quent orators, we propose to this Coavention that it listen to the eloquent colored
Secretary of State from Mississippi, Hon. James R. Lynch.
Mr. Lynch was loudly called for, and advancing to the platform, said :
ADDRESa OF JAMBS E. LYNCH, OF MISSISSIPPI.
Mr. President: Standing in this grand presence, after the eloquent eipression
that was given to the feelings and opinions of the colored people of our country
on yesterday, and appreciating the value of your time, I should be constrained to
Bilence on this occasion, knowing that tba 400,000 colored people of the State of
Mississippi, and tb.& Republicans of other color, are waiting with- anxious hope to
hear die announcement by telegraph that Gen. Grant has been renominated for
President of the United States. [Great applatise.]
I will not trespass on yonr valuable time by entering into any argument in favor
of the Eepnhhcan party. It needs no more argument to convince patriotism, justice,
reason, aad intelliganoe that it is the only party that can bless and save the coantry,
and realize the hopes of its founders, than does the glorions sun, scattering his rays
everywhere, bathing the world in glory, to make men believe that it is necessary to
warm our air to make it capable of supporting human life. [Great applause.]
I heard gentlemen say here that we would kill the Democratic pajty. With all dne
deference to those who have superior political sagacity and knowledge to that which
I possess, I beg leave to suggest that the Democratic party is dead. [Laughter.]
Some may ask, then, why fulminate against it from the platform ? why resolve against
it ? why invoke the Divine Master to retard its progress ? Because a dead body lying
on the ground in fhe summer time may do more harm than a living one. [Hoars of
laughter.] I behold this Demooratia party dead; its hydra head in fhe waters of the
Lakes, its great cloven feet stuck out in the waters of (he Gulf, one of its cold,
clammy, bony fingers grasps the Pacific and the other the Atlantic, and th tinking
carcass emila an odor that breeds disease, and that disease threatens th TTn sol
dier, one-aimed and one.legged, and the widows and orphans, clothed in th h b 1
ments of mourning, with national disgrace. That contagion threaten th t n
with repudiation; threatens men who, in the ftold, in the Cabinet, and in th t nil
oouneilB, saved to the world the glorious heritage and the hope which mad th o-
tims of European despotism and tyranny smile amid their tears as in chain th w
confined within the walls of the bastiles and dungeons all over Europe. It thr t n
tlem with disgrace, and we propose to tarn out next November in (he &f t f Mi
ewHippi, with the colored citizens all over our broad land, under the leadership of Gen-
eral Ulysses S. Grant, now President of the United States, and dig a grave for this
corpse, BO deep and so wide, and bury it so that it will never more be resusoitafced
Mr. President, I will not detain you. [Cries of "Goon!"] There are some rea-
sons why the colored people of the United States cling to (he Republican party. We
look lo the Republican party as our political parents. We are born of them. Have
youanyguaranteeof the fidelity of colored men in the Republican party? You have
the same guarantee that fathers all over the land, wherever oivilizaiion beams, have for
the filial and faithful regard of their children, [Cheers.] We are, then, true to the
Republican party ; and while we love the people of the South, and while we ask for
concord, for peace and harmony, while we recognize the fact of the identity of inter-
est between white and black, that the es.rebels of the South are identified and inter-
woven in all the interests of social life, of material wealth, and all that oonoems it,
Ho..ted by Google
34 ■ NATIONAL tTNION EEPTTBLICAN OOTTV'ESTION,
yetwe mean to walk in the pathway hewn out by the swotA Any oonKession we
could make that would not sacrifice our political equality we would make.
But, Mr. President, we rejoice that the Republican party has made a sentiment,
and gives expression to it in this great Union, that our KepnbUc, like the rainbow, is
not complete without its darkest color, [Langhter and applause.] We stand here
asking no partieulm advantage, no special favor, but simply to be recognized as an
equal in the body politic of this great land-
Opposition to General Grant means more than opposition to nepotism ; more than
opposition to the great soldier of Island No, 10 and the oonijueror of the rebellion.
It means opposition to the principles ttiat triumphed daring the war. [Applause.]
Tell me not that because Mr. Greeley was the great apostle of liberty ; teu me not
beeaase Ms gray hairs are associated with tie noblest and grandest work for humanity,
that tie colored people wi!l recognize any magic power m that name. Aye, sir, Ibe
name of Ulysses S. Grant waa imprinted in their hearts and memories, revealed to
them by the tbunder of war, by the Ughtning flash of musket^, when, tiieir hearts
were melted lava, burning with a desire for freedom. Then was Grant's name written.
Every regiment, every squad of United States forces (hat advanced upon the SoulJi
under your Logans, under your Howards, under your Shermans and Gearys, that
unfolded the star-spangled banner and dropped the boon of liberty at every cabin
door, boimd their hearts to President Grant by cords that cannot be separated. [Ap-
plause.] The colored people of the United States are gravitating toward the SoutL
The semi-tropioal and tropical portions of onr great country — a vast untilled country
and of undeveloped resources — our country, foremost in the family of nations, rep-
resenting advanced intelhgence, Christianity, and moral power, exceeding, in all
these, any portion of the world— must soon make Mexico, liie West Indies, and Cen-
tral America part of ourselves, as is Alaska. [Cheers.] These new countries, with
their wetdth of centaries, with their mahogany wood, with their mines, their wonder-
ful harbors, and tlieir mideveloped reeonrcee, eaimot be developed, cannot enrich the
world, cannot subserve the purposes of American civilizatioii wittout the black mau's
muscle. ■Without the black man the cotton States cannot be developed. They have
tried to supplant the black man by the introduction of the Swedes, and Danes, and
English, but it has been such a sad failure Uiat the distinguished men who have at-
tempted it are now ael^ned to confess that they ever embarked in it. The Democrats
in the political canvass of the South are now looking to the Southern black men and
belling Uiem for their votes. They cry out as did a certain warrior in the turbid
waters of the Tiber, asking his companions to save him lest he sink. With their lands
worn and barren, mth theu: capital gone, with their houses dilapidated, with their in-
dustry gone, with their resources vanishing, they cry to the black man from a mate-
rial stand-point, "Save us, or we sink!" [The applause was continued some time.]
Isthisanattempttoput down President Grant? [The applause ww renewed.] The
eiperience of the past has convinced me that applause admits of two interpretations,
[laughter,] therefore I will have regard for time. No; if you do not nominate Pres-
ident Grant— which your Brick Pomeroys are invoking God you will not— if they
have any God — you cannot do him any harm. His fame is immortal ; great names
and deeds go not down to silence, but history embalms their memoir with undying hon-
ors, and minstrela catch up the Rowing theme, and send it echoing all along the
archways of time.
Mr, President, Grant will be a strong candidate at the South. The name of Gree-
ley inspires no heartfelt enthusiasm. That man who had the genius to command your
armies when the natioii was incredulous of Hiiceess ; that maa who conld stand re-
verses; who, disregarding alike the bickerings and jealousy of potty rivalry, could
move on with grandeur and unswerving will to the oonq^ueat of the rebellion, under-
stands the wants of this great country. I believe his heart to-day goes forth to the
Sonti, and he would, if he conld, lift the disabilitjes from every one of its oitizens and
declare universal amnesty. Ah I our Southern people have much to learn. I tell
them this at home : I tell them this everywhere. Instead of basking in tlie light of
this great candle of Uberiy which is destined to dispel their darkness ; instead of put-
•ting their fingers into it and burning them, or else blowing it out for fan, and com-
plaining because wewill notlet them do this, theymust say. No, you must stand still ;
you must let this candle burn.
o express tl
ments of the
PHILADELPHIA, 1872. 35
A Membee of the Ohio DEtBOAiioy. Ohio was not silent in the war, but we have
heen Silent m this great CocTeatioa. Now, we desire to be heard Hiroush a crippled
ioldier, General E. F. Noyes. [Great cheering, and ciUs for " Noyes ! "]
Governor E. F. Notes, of Ohio, spealdng from his seat, said:
i or GO¥EBN0K NOYES, or oero.
l^enmmn.ofmC<ymem.mn: I am esoeedingly obliged to my enthUsiasfcio friends
for mentioning my name m thia Convention, but I am confident that the deleeates
are now in no temper to listen to political speeches. [Cries of " Go on ' eoon'"
during which the General was pushed forward to the stand liy his friends.!
General Noyes, (resuming.) I certainly did not come here with any purpose of
aaymg anytinng upon political subjects, and I am quite certsin Uie feline of our
ddegahon is to talt less and work more. Wa don't want to sf^y here for anotier
day. Many of the delegates have made their arrangements to so home and we feel
■1? ?L Sn ""'S buainesa. I am told that the Committee on EesolutioDB
■mil not be able to report under two or three houm If that is true it will be impos-
aible for us to get through wifh the business of the Convention, and yet start hSme
to-night I hope tie rules may be suspended, so that we can make these nomina-
fdons, and then, when they are ready, let the Committee on Kesolutions come in with
then- report. w^o lu mm
.u ^T'^'i °?T ^ ^*' ""f ^°'^'^ "^'™* '^^°' ^^ *^«n I am done. Aa th Go a
that State, I have been brought into somewhat intimate contact with aU h peon
an.d now I wMit to say to you for the State of Ohio, we shall be eonten h wh t-
ever nomination you make for Vice-President We have a candidate o w a
tried patriot and exoeUent gentleman, who, finding himsell: in the Cabin a
oreant President, shook off the dust of his feet against him, not bein« will ns
compromise or destroy the party that had honored him. [Applauae.l W h n hm
but let me say for Ohio that whoever shall be nominated heVe, you can un n
us to give a bigger raajority than wa gave four years ago. [Cheers. ]
There a absolut^y no disaffection in our State. [Renewed cheering.l A few
prominent and excellent gentlemen, who are among my personal friends, identified
themselves with what was known as the liberal movement, but every one of ffiem of
any prommenee has become so heartily disgusted that they will vote for Grant now
if they would not before. [Great applauser) I asked a member of the lUinois dele-
gatjou, who IS a leading statesman, how it happened that in Cincinnati the HHnois
f^^^T^lTf ^ ?" °T ? *^'^'^y- ^*''^ ''«' " We had the best set of men
from Mj State, representative, leading men, and we were about equaUy divided be-
tween Davis and Trumbull, and when they oouid not be nominated, our deiegati^
rCheera ^dk ht"""!^^ •''^* ^ ri^culoua as possible, retire, and go out."
Now, we want to get at work. I hope the Convention will agree to co on and
nominate our candi^te for President, and if the committee are not ready then the
Vice-Prejudent; and then, if they are not ready, let us take a recesT^' [Ori^ of
"Make the mobon!"] I hardly Uke to do it. [Cries of "Make it!"] If the com!
imttca are ready after we have made the nomination, the report can coma in U
after we have done this, the committee are not ready, let us nominate our candidate
for the Vioe-Prasidency, then, if need be. take a recess; but for Heaven's sX
don^t let us stay here and talk kll day. [Cheers, and Sas' of " Make the motion .'T
™i ; ^^^dent, I renew the motion to suspend the rales, and proceed first mid
only to the selection of onr candidate for President. [Cheers.]
The motion -was carried, amid great applause.
THE KomNATioN OP A CAsrrrATE foh pebsident.
The Chftirman announced the naming of candidates for President in
Mr. Shelby M. Cullom, of Illinois, having ascended the platform, said :
GeMleraen of the Omventioit: On behalf of the great Republican party of lllinoia
and that of the Union— in the name of hbarty, of loyalty, of justice, and of law—
36 NATIONAL UNION REPtrULIOAN CONVENTION,
of ,Jl-i.momtaring »ilb pretSaicl giatiMB ki. glo.iom .cluBTennmB m 11. SeM
and his noble statesmantQiip as Chief Magistrate of this great uation-I bominate as
PaisiDmi of iu. Uiitei. Siina, loi l .looKO t.««, Ui.i..e. S. 0«u.t.
A srane of Oui mldenl eioitcment followed thii upoMh, The spucioiis
Academy was crowded with thousands of spectators m every part ;
and on the stage, in the parquet, and in tier upon tier of gaUeries, arose
deafenins, prolonged, tumultuous cheers, swelhng from pit to dome.
A perfect wilderness of 'hats, caps, and handkerchiefs waved to and Iro
iu a surging mass as three times three reverberated from the thousands
° The°band appeared to catch the prevaihng enthusiasm, and waved
then- instruments as though they had been flags. Amid ones of Mu-
sic I" " Music !" they strudi up " Hail to the Chief.
As the majestic sti-eam of this music came floating down from the
balcony, « hfeiiize equestrian portrait of Grant came down as il By
magic, fllling the entire space of the back scene, and the enthusiasm
knew no bounds. . . ,, 3 a n
Governor Stiwaut L. Woonronri, of New York, then ascended the
phitform, and made the foUowing address :
ADURESS OF GOVEBNOK WOODFOED, OF NEW YORK.
Mr. Prmdent •«! «»<!-.» •/ * Cm„Mi«,: N" Jork, the ho». of th. a j-
ajS ,ou to pans, one moiae«t tofo™ you r.eo.i the fonoJ nomm.lion «»« " J"
,,»phooj ofTleetlon, that she ma, ,e«h out anoB *• ~"'"»'. f "S.^tv fflJ
Kola, ana «,oo>,a the nomaation of Uljsse. S. Great, .t™"" ^ ~ Jta wS,
aea, at the great eastern gateway of the o,ntme»t, imperial in resonrees ana m wealth,
SewM S. lie km.' inleiit in th. wiedom of your ptatfoiin, m the mtegrity,
the stability, ana the fitneea of yoarcanaidate. [Applanse.J
""r yZi a.o she .nstain.a Gen.iJ Or.nl, beean.e she ™eognm4 «.i wonB
.,;Z SrgreSt aeht of giaUtade Hat the mitlon oweato '»« '"'••j-'^ f" ''""«
a™, ana Ihlalent lip. of oar great ohieftain. S-*'?'h""*'"»'^'?™;"S:
Wase h. h«> been Mea ana louna faithf uL When .. have paMed by lie littte
™SinmTna eiiti«i»n. of fh. hour, whioh are «, the mot. llat Heat in th. .nn-
marrdUng. ana entidsm. of fh. hour, whioh ar. «. the mol«. tot Ho
S.am, impartial history wlU -onaor that th. great !»«P«'>'".J'«'X„>>k„ „„^ ^
ognl^rf sSnalors of a E.pnbliem State, oonld have "f mpM '?,??".„ ""ftten
i^ea^ the honor of the one man to whom, nnaer God, the nation owes more than
to J^th.; rhis plae. upon the Senate £00, the Senator from M.s«ha,^ ..^^^
it, an^, as I reaa it abeording to the gospel of TOe TnMw, the test 1. probably cor-
"s, .aid that Stanton, jn.t before he p,»e4 from earth, .poke tbm,
" I know Genend Grant hotter than any other pentoi m the eonnfy ean know hmi.
It ™ my dnty to st.dy him, and I did it, night md day, when I .aw h1.11 and wjien
T dTd nS^«e ^m and now I tell yon what I know-he cannot govern this oountay.
' M°he?lS5'.l those p.riloi day. reply that th. great War Se.r.t.^.M..a
kn™ Grant throngh ana through , that until the hour wSen Grant „suni.dp.r«,.«l
ianmand hi Vi.gfiiia, Stanton had bejn .oapeM to diseharg. not "uj '» ™J
ierial dnties a. sl^etary, but to watch and guiae the action of the oemmaiid.rs lU
S Md , that tram th/t hoar h. and llncojn ahk. trust* l.anri JPJJ, J»* "J^
fided in OiAnt, and left him fr.e, aeoordmg to his own judgment, to fight th. rebel
"°L?lSoTr.».at.r^kS':n:ian.nt Sherman „em.am the ."«§«»•,;'*;
WarSeeretSy, to have ..rea m th. K™. P»P,»"=«,'»' '•*","'°" i"'!:?' ^l^^
Stanton kn.w Or«it » W.II that he ..nt him, all unted m •kpl°"'2ioZ .Met
menship, to arrange the surrender and prevent pos.ible legal comphcationa and po-
PHILADELPHIA, 1872. 37
litical misunderetiaridiiigs. Let history also record that tilis plain soldier, of wbose
antooratic, egotietio, and imperial will the same Senator made sacli frequent mea-
tioc, was BO little disposed to assert himself, was bo generons to the feelings of the
great Lieutenant, liiat, baying conferred with Sherman and indicated the purpose of
the Government, and so prevented further poasible mistakes, he left Sherman tu com-
plete the negotiation in his own name and by his own meaos, I challenge the rec-
ords of the war and memories of his old soldiers to tod one single inBtance where
Grant ever sought to appropriate one single laurel that his comrade had gained, or
failed to reoognize and reward a comrade's merit and worth.
But to return. Stanton indeed knew Grant through and through. He knew that
when for an hour Andrew Johnson may have meditated the nse of force against the
will of the people in Congress assembled, he did not dare to whisper his dream to
Grant, but sought, by the creation of brevet ranks, to find others who might do his
will. To the honor of the man and true men who stood that day in tiie highest rank,
Johnson ofiered the commission in vain. Aje ! Stanton knew Grant well. He knew
that when, by assignment to the War Department ad interim. Grant filled for a time
that high civic trust, the only barrier between the passion of the President and
the renewal of civil strife was this patient, silent, loyat man, who, sound in peace
as in war, was forever on the side of constitutional law, unity, and peace. Aye !
he knew him well— so well, that during that long strng^le, when Mr. Stanton stood
and fought out the bitter fight between Presidential usurpation and Congressional
authority, he leaned on Grant constantly and completely, and this Ciesar, whose red
hand is to stop our liberty, was true at every time and in every place— as tme to the
people and the law aa is the needle to the pole. Aye ! Stanton knew Grant weU ; so
well, that when he had been placed in nomination for the Presidency, Mr. Stanton
pleaded for his election, endorsed his fitness, and labored for hia success. These very-
walls still ring with the echo of that great speech, one of the last utterances of that
great statesman in his own Pennsylvania— from the grave where he was killed from
overwork in the Cabinet, as much a martyr to the war as though he had wasted in
hospital or died on the field. His cold lips speak this day as in life. They spoke
from this very platform. From the grave the dead Stanton rebukes the living Sen-
ator, and 1 hear hia earnest and solemn approval of Ulyases S. Grant as soldier, man,
In the name of miUions of our loyal people, in the name of an enfranchised race, in
the name of his old comrades, the living and the dead, in the name of the dead. Sec-
retary of War, New York endorses the .nomination, and a^s God's blessing on the
Mr. M. D. BoHDCK, of California, followed, and said :
«. D. BOEtICK, OF CAlirOBNIA.
Mr. Preddeat : Illinois rightly, in nominating Grant tor re-election, claims him aa
her citizen. Bat, sir, though I come from a long distance, from that land where the
setting sun lights up the peaceful waters of the Pacific, we claim, too, a portion of
that citizenship which does such honor to niinois. Oalifomia, Oregon, and a por-
tion of the Pacific slope, claim Grant as their honored citizen.
We have come, sir, a long distance to perform, it is tme, a self-imposed duty in
easting our votes for the greatest leader and greitsst chieftain the world ever saw.
We come, sir, if you please, from the land of the earthquake ; and though like the
wondrous rocking-stone reared by the Druids, which the finger of a child might vi-
brate to the centre, but which the might of armies could not move, so we stand there
under those great convulsions of the earth ; and, Mr, President, when the great con-
vulsion of treason and rebellion and antagonism to out great and beloved country
washed m frightful waves against hev ba.^e, we stood there like rocks of adamant, un-
moved and immovable. Sir, to be very brief, I desire to call the attention of this
vast body to what I consider a remarkable coincidence in the words I shall name,
differing, if you ple^e, in but one small letter of the alphabet.
We all recollect that when the first gun was fired upon Fort Sumter, the loyal
hearts of the people of the nation moved to the old flag and hastened to siapport it ;
and now, sir, with the first gnn from Sumner, the loyal heai-ts of a — *i"" -^m,^
again to that standard held aloft by Grant, and ir "-- — *"-' "'■■-'■
NATIONAL L'JSION EBPUBLIOAN
November the eame Berried ranks will be presented, and a great victory ■will be
achieved in Ms re-election, I promi'se you, sir, ao far as tlie Pacific coaat is con-
cerned, to return a good aocount. [Loug and continued applause.J
P THE EOLL.
The pBEaiDENT. The Secretary will call the roll of States, and each State will
The Secretary, Gen. H. H. Bih-eniai, then called the Kst of States, and
in response, the chairman of each State delegation announced the vote
of his delegation, as follows ;
E, M. KiELS, Chairman. I am instructed to oast the twenty votes of the Ala-
bama delegation unanimously for that true, tried, great man, and model President,
DljrssesS. Grant. [Applause.]
J4MES Otis, Chairmaa. .4a chairman of the California delegation, I am instructed
to oast her entire twelve votes for Ulysses S. Grant. [Applause. ]
1 instructed by the Delaware delegation
The land of flowers gives her eight votes unanimously
J. S. BiSBY, Chairman. Geoi^a testifies her appreciation of a national Executive,
and her gratitude for an administration that commands the i^proval of her people,
by OKsting for Ulysses 8, Grant twenty-two votes.
S. M. GuLLOM, Chairmaji. Dliuois casts her forty-two votes for Ulysses 8. Grant.
Hesrt 8, liANE, Chairman. Indiana oasts her thirty votes for Ulysses S. Grant.
GREMvn.iiB M. Dooaa, Chairman. Iowa oasts twenty-two votes for Triyaaea S, Grant
— all she has.
BESTAiaiK p. SiatPsON, Chairman. Kansas, flrst-born of the Bepublican party, de-
sirous of serving four yeara longer nnder the same great chieftain, oasts her ten votea
for Ulysses S. Grant.
Wni-iAH C. GooDLOB, Chairman. Kentucky, that gave birth to Abraham Linoohi,
oaets twenty-four votes for his worthy suooesaor, Ulysses 8. GKmt.
JiMES Lewis, Chairman. I am inBtnicted by the sixteen delegates from my Stats
in tllis Convention, and hy the Eepablican party of my State, to cast the solid vote
of IioaiBiaiiB— siiteeu votes — for Ulysses S. Grant.
Maine giyes her grateful heart, and her fourteen
Jacob Tome, Chairmao. In accordance with the unanimous wishes and instrno-
tiona of the convention which sent us as its delegates, and in complete unison with the
feelings of every delegate here, and every member ot the Kepublioan party of
MaJ7iand, we cast her siiteea Totea solid for UJysaea S. Grant.
■William A. Howabd, Chairman. Michigan ha.i twenty-two delegates, and not an
office-holder among them. We were sent here without Buy dictation from oflce-
holdera ; we represent the RepubUcan party of that State ; we cast twenty-two votes
for Ulysses S. Grant, and only wish we had forty-four to oast.
D. M. asms. Chain
iag it out on this line. She gives hi
James Lthoh, Chairman. Sixteen delegates from Mississippi request me to put that
great State on nation^ record as appreciating the wants of all this great country,
as gratefaUy recognizing heroic and patriotic serviees, as pledged to maintain the
liberty and pohtieal equality of dl men, without regard to race or color, by nomi-
nating one for the Presidency of the United States whose connection with national
affairs constitutes one of the brightest pages ot the history of the Republic — Presi-
dent Ulysses S. Grant— for whom we east her sixteen votes in this Convention.
John S. Kedick, Chairman. Nebraska gives her six votes for the tanner who will
tan the hide of Horace in the vat of Democratic disunion, coemption, and damna-
tion—Ulysses S. Grant.
—and she will give him her electoral V'
CoBTLANDT Pabkbb, Chairman. Determined to ra
ber. Now Jersey, in gratitude for what her people dei
tion, gives her eighteen votes for Ulysses S, Grant.
NATIONAL UNION KEPHBLICAN (
MiETis I. Townsbnh, Chairman. The EmpirH "^tute hy the ui
her delegates, matructs mo to cast her beyeaty votes for that man
been said by our distinguiBhed fellow citizen Hocate Greeley, Ii
beaten, and. never will be — Ulysses S. Grant
Joseph 0. Abbott, Chairman. I ai
to say that the State called the Tar-h<
with her twenty votes. [AppIause.J
SiHUEL Geaiohbad, Chairman. Ohio the birthplace (f Ulysses S Grant [ap-
planse,] presents har anited front for this nomination to dav Ohij that never
failed or faltered when Republican work was to be dune— Ohio promises to thi& Con
vention and to the country 50,0(K» majority f jr th.. nommee Ohio tabti ht,r imitei
vote, forty-fonr in all, for Ulysses S. Grant.
J. F, Devobe, Chairman. We are from the Sunset Land. We aj:e happy to claim
General Grant as a, citiuen of out State, and henee we are bound to second his nomi-
nation with six votes from Oregon.
MoETON McMlCBABL, Chairman. (The appearance of Mr. McMiohae! on the plat-
form waa greeted with overwhelming demonstrations of applause.) After such a
greeting I am without words. Pennsylvania, with her whole great heart, casta her
fifty-ei^t votes for Ulysses S. Grant.
Ambrose E. BuBivsniB, Chairman. (The audience gave General Bumside three
cheers as he rose to announce the vote of Rhode Island. ) The Republican party of
Rhode Island, the Republican convention of the State of Rhode Island, and all my
broHier delegates, have done me the honor of asking me to oast the entire vote of our
State for my old eomradc-in-acms, Ulysses S. Grant.
E. W. M. MacKEY, Chairman. South Carolina, whose first hostile gnn made Grant
a possibility, has designated rae, through her Repnblioan dfjegalion, to cast her vote
in this Convention. Gazing upon the battered walls of old Snmter, mindful of the
man whose triumphant swotd opened her gates, marshaling two races within her
border. South CaroUna to-day, standing redeemed, regenerated, disenthralled, a State
of law and order, casta her fourteen votes for Ulysses S. Grant.
D. A. Norm, Chairman. I am instructed by the delegates from the State of Ten-
nessee, both white and colored, to cast her twenty-four votes for the most gallant
soldier that the world ever saw, Ulysses S. Grant.
■Weebteb Flanaoan, Chairman, Texas, unlike any other State, was not permitted
to take part in the late contest. Ti>.day Texas claims Uie privilege of casting sis-
teen votes, and would like to have the privilege of casting thirty-two votes, and would
that it wore thirty-two thousand, for Ulysses S. Grant.
PHILADELPHIA, 1873. 41
John H, Popeam, Chairman. Virginia OHRts hec twenty-two TOtea for Ulysses S.
Grant. She wishes she had as many hundreds to oast for him. As it is, she gives
him all she has. It only remains for me to say tliat her pairiotio. Republican people,
inspired with the certain signs of approaohing vietflry, marching under her prond
banner, with her proud motto, " Sic semper T^ranms," mean, in the approaching
campaign, lo put their iron heel upon the tyrant Democratic head. Our cause is
just, and Virginia must and shall he redeemed.
1. W. Keyes, Chairman. Wisconsin oasts her twenty votes for Ulyeses S. Grant.
John Titus, Chairman. Arizona caste two votes for Ulysses S. Grant.
George M. Chilliooihb, Chairman. Colorado oasts two votes for Ulyss
Mr. CtntTis, Chairman. Dakota, ward of the Government, oasts her votes in this
Convention as the only opportunity she has of voting for President. She casts these
votes for the patriotic soldier, the soldier President, Ulysses S. Grant.
DI8TEICT OF COLUMBIA.
JoaK F. Cooke, Chairman. The District of Columbia, the seat of the United
States government, has a desiiahle house to rent, desirable for habitation and ranch
Konght after. She desires that it shall be relet to the same tenant for another four
years, and casts her two votas for Ulysses S. Grant.
John R. MoBbihe, Chairman. Idaho casts her vote in this Convention for Ulysses
S. Grant, and only wishes she could vote for him in November.
Mr. FBEEliND, Chairman. New Mexico, occupying a humble position in this
Convention, grateful for the privilege accorded to her, casts her two votes for Ulmois
gifted son, mse in sUtesmanship, as be was gaUant in war, Ulysses b. Grant.
A S Gould, Chairman. ''On behalf of the loyal people of Utah, the delegation
from that Territory thank God and this Convention for the privilege of casting her
two little votes for Ulysses S. Grant, of whom it may be said »= '* ws "F anotJher
great and good man, "First in war, first i " ""'' ""* '
Lyman B Anbsews, Chairman. Washington Territory, which has just catt off her
Bwaddliag-olothes, but who hopes hereafter to go full grown with yoa into the con-
test, casts her two votes for Ulysses S. Grant.
J. W. DoMNELLiN, Chairman, Wyoming, the last of the political orgaJiizatLons in
America, is proud to oast ita two votes for Ulysses S. Grant.
The ballot stood as
JVb. of DeUgaies. Jir Grant
California 12 l'
Delaware ':"':::"::::::::'::. i ^t
Ma^d:;::::;:::::::;:::::::::::;:::'-;-: ^t }i
Mi«m.H x: t"-
Ehod^faiax^d:;:::::::;::::::;:::::::::::::'::":::-;-:::"::: : i 't
Virginia '.■> io
Dakota 2 2
Utah 2 2
vf3om^z::z:::::::::::::::::::::::::rr:'::--. I. I
The Peesident, rifling in his place, said: "It is a pleasure
noTini;a that UlyflfleB S. Grant has received 7o3 vot^— the entire
to the Chair to an-
vote of every State
burst ffom the im-
PHILADELPHIA, 1872. 43
T!ie band, at this annoimcement, played the air of a "Grant Campaign
ioiig," the tenor of which was sung' by a gentleman standing among
the instrmneats, and the chorus by a large choir of gentlemen. The
i with great enthusiasm, aad is as follows:
CAiinu.— Let the dram and bugle
Let our Joyooa ehonta rt
He's a ssllant h«to,
And loud the snUieni swelling,
To Grant, our noble chief,
Who won our eouDlrj''B batUfB,
Chortts^—het the drum, &Q,
Then rally round our leaders, men,
We're arming for the figbt,
We'll raise our glorioue atandard.
And battle for the right.
To even our eallaat array.
Come from Tdll and plun,
Grant shall win the victory
For President again.
CSunis.— Letthe dram, 4o.
Wien this was concluded, a cry went from the multitude, "John
Brown!" The band struck up the familiar, electrifying strains which
our soldiers used to sing when marching to the fi-ont. The wJiole con-
course rose as one mass. iiVora the parquet to the upper tier, the vast
multitude stood up and rolled out the grand old hymn of freedom.
Sti-ong men wept with intensity of feeling. There was scarcely a dry
eye in the great assemblage; not a heart that was not thrilled witli
the sublimity of the moment. When this song was at last finished, the
cry came for "Ilally Round the Flag," and the air of that battle-song
was given by the band, the whole audience singing the words with the
same fervor with which the hymn had been rendered. This concluded,
the band gave "Xankee Doodle," in the midst of tumultuous cheers.
Ldcids B. Church, of Montana, was then loudly called for, and in re-
sponse ascended tlie platform. He said ;
44 NATIONAL UNION EEPUBLICAN CONVENTION,
trioticsoag. My salectioii at that time was our army and navy song, "TheEeJ,
White, and Blue. " If there are any here who weca present at that time they wiU re-
member ibe BpontaneouB chorus we had. I will ask the indulgence of the band and
of that choir to play the first stanaas of " The Red, White, and Blue," in order tliat
we may get the key correctly, and then I will sing the solo, inviting yon to join in
The band then played the air as requeated, and the song was rendered
with great effect, the audience joining in the chorus
Callfi were then mi le 1 id in 1 cont n inus for Marching through
Ueotg a "Ui Choech comjhed and the a lience, standing, again
joine 1 in the ch jrus
When the son" was c^npletel Mi Chdech s 1 "Now I ask for
three cheeia foi tho'ie lojil black men ■wh atool by us during that
march thro igh Geors; a to the sea
The cheeis i^eie gnen with great enthuaiaam.
Mr. CEiroHEio, of Ohio. Mr. President: Inasmuch as a very large number of
the delegates who are here ate anxious to discharge all (he duSas for wEieh they have
come together, and as I see no reason why we should not proceed to do those duties
which remain to he discharged, I move you that the rules be suspended again, aud
that we proceed to the nomination of the candidate for the Vicie-Prosidency of the
United States. [Great applause.]
The motion was agreed to.
The PsEBlDBNT. Nominations for Vice-President are now in order.
The Hon. Mobtos Mc3Tichai!i,, of Pennsylvania, appeared upon the
stage, and said:
Mr. Preddmit : 1 bag your indulgence, and the indnlgence of the Oonvenfion, for
B few moments, preparatory to mating nomination of a oandidata for Vice-President
of the United States. I do not come here, sir, for the pnrpose of uttering needless
complaint; hut I do feel that there is a complaint for me to make. Sir, the Repub-
lican party had both its birth and its baptism on Pennsylvania soil At Pittsburgh it
was oaUed into esistenoe by voluntary gaUiering, and in Philadelphia it received the
solemn sanction of tie people, and from the hour of its organization to this, Penn-
eylvania has tdways stei^fastly upheld the principles upon which it was founded.
You, sir, and ai! who hear me, remember it, and when, because of the successes of
those principles, the South plunged madly into revolt, and with formidable martial
preparations challenged the Norfli ia mortal combat, Pennsylvania was the first ia.
Hie field and foremc«t in the fight. [Great applause.]
God forbid, sir, that by even so much as a fragment of a syllable I should utter
any sound derogatory to the gflUant and noble spirits who at the signal-gun of the
war, from rolling prairie and rushing river, from the silence of tha forest and the
depths of the mine, from the glow of the furnace, from the din of the factory, and
from the bnstle of the mart, ft'om church and college, swarmed to the defence of the
national capital. But ours was the border-land of the war. Hence, it was our dis-
tinction to be the first at the scene of peril and to bring glad tidings of the rescue.
In all the troubled hours that followed, Pennsylvania never grew weary or shirked
her duty. By regiments, by brigades, by divisions, aye, sir, by armies of soldiers,
she came to the rescue, and from her tai-burdened esohequer thousands, tens of
Ihousauds, hundreds of thousands, and millions, she gave to sustain the cause. In
the supreme council of the nation foremost, she was heard among the earnest, the
clearest, and the loudest in. aid of that grandest of all grand Bepuhlican achieve-
ment — the emancipation of four million of human souls from a bondage worse than
PHILADKLPHIA, 1872. 4o
I ask you, air, how has PennsjlTfinia been requited ? Four years ago she presented
to the Convention at Chicago her famous war Govemoi- bs a candidate for Vice-Prea-
jdent, and he was rejected. But, though disappointed, she never marmured. In the
conflict that followed, she engaged with all her energies in behalf of the Eepublican
Qominees. They were elected, and from (hat time forward what State has stood so
earnestly by the National Administration or Uie Bepubhoan party on all questions of
distinctive policy ? Her delegation in Congress— the Republican raemberB, of course,
I mean— have been their staunchest adherents ; yet, when these same membeta have
ventured to urge that her interests, in common with those of the whole country, shall
not be overlooked, ^e is denonnced ea selfish, her people are maligned, and her mo-
tives are misrepresented, I trust that before this Convention adjonms it will de-
clare, and that with no nnoert^n voioe, its adherence to those cardinal, economin
doctrines which are the very life of our life — our fidelity to the interests and the tighta
of all sections, North and South, East and West, ahke.
I hesitate to continue the catalogue of complaint; but itis painful to aeknowledge
that this mighty Commonwealth for years has been imploring that her metropoUa,
second in population and first io indnstrial activities in this country, should be
allowed some suitable arrangement for its post office, and it is only within a few days
that her prayer has been grodgingly granted.
It is humiliating to be obliged to confess that for years she has been beseeching
that the unrivalled naval station, which, as it now appeals, with improvident generos-
ity she bestowed on the nation, might be adequately improved, and that it still lies waste
and neglected. Sir, when the great public offices of the country are to be filled, she
is disregarded. In the Cabinet at Washington she has no voice; in the mostimpor-
tant foreign missions die has no representatives. And yet, sir, when recently a
journal dedicated to her service proposed that, for reasons similar to those I have
mentioned, it might be espedient to select one of her citizens as Vice-President, the
proposition wss met with sneers, and in one conspicuous instance with worse than
sneers— with the insolent declaration, "Pennsylvania, as usual, comes forward with
the demand, looking as much like a threat as a demand, about Presidential candidates.
Now I say, sir, that it is utterly untrne that Pennsylvania ever made any demand
on snch a subject. It would have been, perhaps, far better for her had she done so.
It would have been better for her had she insisted upon the position which her rank,
her strength, and her iniuence entitled her to, but which she did not then and does
not now demand. And for the purpose of showing how utterly unfounded are aU
imputations against her, as feeling jealoosy or animosity toward her sistjsr States, I
will say that this offensive paragraph to which I have referred appeared in a paper
printed and circulated in the city of Boston.
And now, as a fitting reply to the insinuations that that paper oontaned, I am here,
under the unanimous instructions of the Pennsylvania delegation, to present the
name of a statesman known to the country as an honest, upright, able man, who has
labored, and is laboring stiU, eamestiy in behalf of the laboring masses of the conn-
tcj, and for the good of the whole country ; I mean Henry Wilson, of Massachusetts.
[Mr. McMichael closed amid the wildest applause,]
Mr. LoKiNO, of Massachusetts, came forward to the platform, and said ;
SPEECH OF DB. LOBIKG, OF MASSACHUSETTS.
Mr. Prendwt and Gentkmen of the Gonvmtion : I have but one word to say, gen-
tlemen, upon this subject. Massachusetts has not occupied much of the time of tbe
Convention in speech-making. She has sat here ailentiy and quieUy, ready that her
voice should be heard whenever called for, and ready to do her duty in solid column
when the occasion demands it. I desire to say to tiiis Convention that there is no
division in tiie EepuUiean party in Massachusetts so far as tiie Admimstotion of
General Grant is concerned, [Applause,] I desire, in behalf of that Common-
wealth, so true, BO devoted to republican principles, to express the gratitude of the
delegation from tiiat State to the gentleman who has put in nomination her favorite
Senator and son. , .., . ... i
Mr President, tiiis is not the first time that Pennsylvania and Ma^aehusetts have
stood side bv side. The genUemau who has addressed you said that repubhcamsm
found its birth and baptism in Pennsylvania. So Wiey did ; but m those days Massa-
40 NATIOKAL UNION KEPUBLICAN COMYENTION,
ohueetta sent down here her John Adams, and Samuel Adams ; the blood of Warren
and (leneral Hancock gave birth to the cause of tepubiicaniBin ; an i if it is true that
in 1770 republicaciBm was baptized on this soil, it is also true that Maahachuaetts
was here, and stood bjr the cradle on that ocoaeion.
How, I desire to second the nomination of the gentleman from Pennejlvania In
presenting the name of Henry Wilson as a candidate for ttie Vine Presidency of the
United States, he has not only paid a tribute to the fidelity of Massachnietts to re
publieanism, but lie has paid a tribute to that spirit of geninh demotion filility
honesty, and honor whim wiU always paye the way to great suclgss to tbe poor and
toiling in this country. [Applause.]
Henry Wilson represents, in all his attributes, more than any man 1 know of, (he
power of high principles, of thorough devotion, to overcome all the obstacles which
fall in the path of childhood, and youth, and mature years. For more than a
quarter of a century, he has adhered to the great principles of this party. He was
deyoted to them long before it was a paity, and when Massachiisetts sttfod almost alone
in the great cause, it was Henry Wifi(on whose yoice was early heard in the cause of
freedom. I ask you to name to me the oommonwe^th in this Union where that voice
has not been heard in the cause. I ask you to point me the down-trodden and op-
pressed citizens of the United States who haye not been encouraged by Henry Wil.
son, and aided in lifting themselves above the oppressor. [Applause.] I ask, more-
over, the sueceasfnl poUticians of this, and of almost every State, to tell me how
many times Henry Wilson's voice has been heard speaking for them and their cause.
[Applanse.] Warm-hearted, generous, devoted to the Republican principles of
broflierhood, this land over, he is ready to do his, duty in season and out of season.
And let me tell yon, my friends, that as Henry Wilson stood by the cradle of Uie Re-
publican party in his poverty and in his youth, he, it this part^ is to fall, will follow
it to the grave, the saddest and most broken-hearted mourner in all that moumfal
procession. He is devoted to this canse, and I assure yon that he will add strengHi
to the ticket put in nomination to-day, representing, as he does, the toUiiig people
of this country. [Applause,]
Mr. OssiAN Ray, of New Hampshire, spoko as follows;
Gentlemen of (he (JormenMon : Coming as I do from the State in which Henry
Wilson was born, it gives me unbounded pleasure to announce that we are united on
Massaehusettsl favorite and great Senator, Heniy Wilson. [Applause.] We ought
to nominate him as Vice-President because he is a good man and true, because he
has always been the friend of the people, whose instincts and impulses are always
right. It is peculiarly appropriate we shonld honor ourselves by honoring him with
the nomination. It is as fitting a disapproval on the part of the Kepubliean party of
the conrae of his colleague as could be given. [Applause.]
Another reason why I think lie shonld be nommated on this ticket is that I firmly
belieye if we were to call np the entire nation and have its vote t^dien throughout the
land, he wonld receive the entire vote of the Republican party. If Ihey could de-
cide whether or not Henry Wilson should be nominated or some other man selected
as a candidate, he would carry the day by a million majority. [Prolonged cheers. ]
We are here simply to register the choice of the people. The name of Henry Wilson
is one which will add strength and fame even to that of the colossal name of the
great Captain of the Western World. [Applause.]
Like General Grant, he has been the ardiiteot of his own fortunes. He
commenced life peor, by graduating from a shoemaker's shop. It is the pride
and glory of American civiliaation that by industry, honesty, and perseverance the
highest offices within the nation's gift are within the possible readi of the humblest
South in the land. With a good tanner at the head of the ticket to tan ttie pelts of
le enemy, and with a good shoemaker to sew them up, and drive the pegs, if need
be, we shall win next Movember by a large majority. I piay you, gentlemen, to
nominate the honest and noble Hem7 Wilp.on. [Cheers.]
Mr. EiCHAED "W. Thompsos, of Indiana, addressed the Convention as
In belialf of the united RepnbKcan party of the State of Indiana, and in obedience
to tie unanimona instructdonB of our State oonTcntiun, in behalf ot the delegatea of
the State of Indiana, I am instrncted to nominate the Hon. Schayler Colfax. [Pro-
longed ttpplauee.] I do this with satisfaction, because it is a just reward of eminent
ability and devoted public service, [oheers,] of devotion to the country and the in-
tegrity and honor of the Union ; but that safiaf action is somewhat sJloyed by the fact
that we find our older and better eister ot Massachusetts presentjns one of her emi-
nent and honored sons, for whom we have tie highest possible respect. [Cheers.]
If Mr. Colfas were a new man, I should be required to tell you who and what he
was. He ia not unknown to fame. Pout years ago the names of Grant and Colfai
were associated together. [Cheers.] They were the battle-ciTr which led to that great
triumph, placing the principles of reconstrnetion prominently before the woild, em-
blazoned on the flag of the Republican party. [Cheers.] We do not think they
should be separated until another triumph has been won. [Cheers.] We do not think
the partnership should be now dissolved, because the firm is not yet insolvent, and its
assets are not yet ready to be turned over to the hands ot a receiver. [Cheers. ] We,
however, desire to say upon this question, and to be distinctly understood, that we
have no antagonism with our older sisters, Massachusetts and Pennsylvania.
For every man of the delegation which I represent, and for myself personally. I
say that among the men of this country who have stood forth boldly in defence of
the hfe ot the nation, those who represent the purity ot our national institutions,
there is not one mora worthy to be received with hono? than Hemy Wilson, o^ Massa-
chusetts. [Applause. ] And in that respect he is not unlike Schuyler Colfax, [re-
newed applause.] Without the aid of adventitious wealth in early Ute, they have
both carved their way to eminence and distinction. They have been enabledto reach
the highest positions of honor and distinction in the land, and whether the Kflpublican
party shall place the name of one or the other upon the standard which is to bear the
name of Grant, it will have achieved a triumph. The honor of the nation may be
trusted with them both.
But, while Massachusetts and Pennsylvania, elder sisters of ours, were true to the
principles of liberty and of the Eepubliean party, they should not forget that we in
the West, yonnger than they, have followed their esample ; that when the tocsin of
war was sounded, when the flag of rebellion was unfurled, the West was not behind
its older sistei-a In pouring out its treasure and the blood of its sons for the mainte-
nance of the integrity of the Union. [Applause.]
_ Feeling, therefore, as we do, that by joining the name of Colfas with that of
Grant, we utter the same old batUe-cry which has been repeated by eveiy child in
the land — " Grant and Oolfas" — and that it will be the signal of victory, we present
his name. [Applause. ] We urge his name, believing, as we do, that with it upon
our flag, our own State wiU be triumphant, our party throughout the Union will be
triumphant, and the work of reconstruction finally completed, so that hereafter there
shall be no more talk of compromise between the extremes ot parties, no sugar-
coated pills of liberalism and democracy to be administered to our people as the
cure tor aU national ills, but that out nation, going forward in a grand career of
glory, will become what she is destined to be, &6 great shining light of the world,
from which shall go out the trueprinciples of republicanism to lead other nations to
triumph and vicltiry with us. [Prolonged cheering.]
Mr. William A. Hotvard, of Michigan, was then loudly called for,
and upon taking the stand spoke as follows :
Mr. President and Gmtlemm of Ute Oomentioa : I represent that State which first
perfected a Republican State organization— that State which first applied the name
to a State organization, with all due deference to my friend from Pennsylvania. The
4o NATIONAL TNION RKPUBLICAN COHVENTtON,
oat tree still stands where tliat ocganJEation was made. No Senator from any State
who^ now livmg was there to receive applause when the name was uttered.
Whether tiiere will be any Senator to follow the hearse remains to be seen In ttie
border of that State, before the State had a name, iliere came a stripling jo'nth from
the great Empire State of Hew Tori. He located within five miles of our border.
In a little room he opened a printing ofBoe. He was compositor, pressman, and
editor, and before he was of age, in that way ha supported a mother and built up his
business, developed his intellect, cultivated statesmanship, and is now the second
officer in the great United States. [Applause.]
Eight years ago— yes, ten years ago— when the war was raging, he was made the
presiding ofBcer of the popular branch of this great government. So steadily did he
hold the reins, with 8n<di exact justice did he administer parliamentary law, so firmly
did he support the Union, that wiHi his present associate, General Grant, in the field,
the war proved a sncoess. Four years ago his name was associated with that of Gen-
eral Grant on the Presidential ticket. Grant and Colfax became the rallying cry
throughout the land. Both have proved eminently faithful and suceessfuL In God's
name, we ask, why should these names to-day be separated ? We do not appeal to
this Convention in behalf of our State. Tbani God, she stands on her own Repub-
lican devotion, Withour choice we wiU ring in a good old twenty thousand maioritv.
And in passing, let me say that I accord with all that has been said of the son
of Massachusetts. I know him well. I have seen him in those days that tried men's
souls. I glory with Massachusetts in her honored son. But I pray jou, gentlemen, do
not endanger a doubtful State by insulting her noble son. Insult, did I say ? That
is too strong an expression. There is not a man in this Convention who would wil-
lingly insult Schuyler Colfax. Not one ; but it might imply censure We feel more
tenderly for him than if he ware a citizen of our own State, Gather up all the good
qualities of the candidate named from Massachusetts, and we concede them all, and
Schuyler Colfai matches every one of them. He represents a State which may he
doubtful, hut in which success is certain with his name combined with that of the
Now, gentlemen of the Convenlion, I have just one word, and I will relieve your
patience. I think the Kepublioan party have a right to appeal to the work that has
been done and to name the men who have done it. And, sir, if the good old Boman
matron once made her name immortal by pointing to her children, when asked to
show her jewels, I say that the Republican party occupies a prouder position to-day
than any man or party has occupied since the worid began. We present as our jewds
four millions of people, whom we found with the shackles of slavery upon them.
We found them in shackles, and we present them here before the American people as
four millions of free, independent citizens, enjoying all the rights of any favored
These are our jewels, and therefore I say wo have a right to appeal to justice in,
behalf of those men who have accomplished Ihese great results. Gentlemen of the
Convention, I beg leave to say in conclusion, without one word of detraction from
any candidate who has been named here— I would take him to my heart of hearts if
I deemed it a new question— yet I am constrained, in behalf of the united delegation
from a State that never faltered one step from the beginning of the organization, to
second the nomination of Schuyler Colfas, of Indiana.
Ifr. Ltnch, of Miesiasippi, said :
SPEECH OF MB. LYNCH, OF MlSSiasiPPI.
member his words on one occasion, that ' ' it was not safe to swap horses while ci
inga stream." [Cheers.] I cannot forget the calamity we eiperienced once by
making a swap similar to the one proposed. Now, the name of the gentleman (Mr.
Wilson) who has been nominated by other friends is also great. His career too is
noble. He will be remembered wherever unsullied patriotiBm and noble devotjoii to
liberty and equality shall be cherished by the people of this country. But I rise t«
aapprjrt the nommation of one who stands forth, also, one of the highest symbols
FHILA.DELPHIA, 1872. 49
of Amerioan patriotiam and American Tirtae, whose greatness of mind and ROodnesa
of heart causes him to glow with that magnetic power which touches the heart of
ron^d™™'ir"™T°' "" "^^ ^'*''' '^""^ "* ours— Schayler Colfax. [Pro.
SPEECH OF GEEBIT SMITH.
Mr Gebeit Smith, of New York, next addreBsed the Contention. He spoke in
Mgn terms of Mr. Colfai, and also of Geaetal Hawley, who was prominently before
them as a candidate. But Ma preference was for Henry Wilson, an old abolitionist,
7-.*!^^ * ^J* ^°' President was for James G. Birney, and who had ever been the
faithfnl fnend and able advocate of the laboring man. Hia own early life was one
of poverty imd toa Mr. Colfax's Uving in a State adjoining Senertd Grant's Mr.
smith regarded as no small objection «, Mr. Colfas's noir'--"-
_Mr. CoKTLAKDT Pabkee, of New Jersey, succeeded Mr. Smith. He
said, m substance:
In conformity with the wish of New Jersey, expressed by her convention, and
speaking tho iin^imous voica of her delegation, and at their reqnest, I trespass on
»i! ^^^f"^ ** ^ Convention ivith a few words in behalf of Schuyler Colfai Not
tnat either we or our people yield to any in appreciftUon of the distinsuished merits
of Hen^ Wilson. Between two Buch men it ia hard to choose. ThI pride which,
as Kepaoiieans, we hava in possessing them, becomes almost sorrow when such a
choice ts necessary. Both are enunently representative men. They are each the
product of Eepublican principlea. Both aie of the people, lovers of rieht, lovers, in
all tmngs, of their country Both have dignified every office tJiey have fiSed. E^th
wiU adorn any station to which they maybe elevated. But the people of New Jersey
ask why, when the countey Bays to Ulysses S. Grant, "Well done, good and fsithftfl
servant, the eame^ould not be said to Schuyler Colfax. Of him it may be truly
said that not one of hia official acta has ever been criticised, much leas reprehended
wonM^fnW M -^.r^V-^^"'^."*""^ ^ *^^ ^^^^ "f ""* President, tho world
would htiU confide m the stability of our institutions, did their maintenance fall into
ae hands of Colfax as our Executive. Nor should locality be urged against him, for
f t"! r* '^ "'^ ^""S*"" ^ western man ; the West lies hnndreda of ndles be-
yond. Indiana has become a central St^e. New Jersey cUn™, then to her first
choice— her choice of four years ago— Schuyler Colfax, of IndiaSa.
Mr. J. F. QoASLES, of Georgia, said:
MR. QDAKLES, OF OEORGHA.
of tTieGomentwi, : I arise on behalf of a terge portion of the Georgia
and on behalf of a great majority of the Southern Eepublicans, to second
is i\„. f^ s5T . ^°^^ '^^.''' of Massachusetts. [Applause.] While much honor
t.tZ ■ ^v'^*' ^^ "^'"^ ^ '^'" Sreat champion of human liberty and
[Appk^] '^""'^y li^^erves Something at the hands of the American people.
ihtt'm'^'^T'''^^^-^^}? "*^ ^ poverty, he began almost with his manhood
the bataes of humanity in this country. MasaachuSetiB has repeatedly honored Mm
as She ought to have done ; bat bis reputation is broader than the State of Massal
chusetts. It reaches out further than any St^te line can extend, and embV^Z
whole countiy. [Applause.] He has labored for his country earnestly and loC
Hehasfoughtong and well in behalf of humaji liberty, American honor and dif^
nity, and we think the t^ie has come when the people of this country should ^ve
\^,J. '.^""^^"^ ff 3^« services. [Applause.] We of the South ha/e an espe^Ll
jiiHiresi. in cms matter, we remember the fiery ordeal through wMch we have passed
??i"r^°'^'"^^*f'r'^ bold and true ien stood bylis in that orde^^^^
Wilson was among the foremost. '
With all due deference to the gentleman who has spoken upon the opposite side of '
this question, we say that it is always safe to swap horses iiy where if we get one
equaMyasgood. [Applause.] Sir, we hold tliat this is due, not only to the ^rvio^
ot Uenry Wilson, but that it is due especially to Maasachusetta and to the East TAd-
? .1 Criesof 'Good! good!"] We have taken our President again and acaii.
from the West. The Republican party has never selected a candidate for the Presi-
dency from the East We have taken our Vice-President at the last election from
toe West and we hold that some recognition ia due to the Eaat for its devotion, to.
the country. [Cries of "Good!"] /- i
OU NATlONAi UNION KEPUBLICAN CONVENTION,
Mr. Chairman, then., in behalf of muoh tha larger portion of the Georgia dalega-
tJon, in behalf of the great loyal heart of the people of the South, it gi^ea me inei-
presaihle pleasure to second the nominafioQ of lie Hon. Henry Wilson, of llassaBhu-
SBtta. [Great applause.]
THE NAME OF Jons F. LEWIS, OF VIRGINIA, PKESEKTED.
Mr. James B. Seseb, of Virginia, next addressed the Convention. He
I ask fen. minutes for Virginia, not for myself, but for others. We eome here to-
day, a representative delegation from Virginia, to express the preference of the Re-
pubUoan party in that State in this Conveution. We are here by the grace of God
and the RepubUoan party of Virginia, and I tell jou, men of all sections, men of the
NorUi, men of tbe South, men of the East, and men of the West, that we who in the
South endnred the fires of the rebellion hiive the right to be heard.
Mr. President, if God has tanght me anything in the history of tlie ciyil war it is
this ; that the North and the South, although divided for awhile, like Iba waters cf
the Mississippi may again mingle and flow on in harmony. The Bepublioau party,
representing all ihese diverse channels of human freedom and civil fiberty, is yet a
unit. Whoever speaks the principles of that party speaks for Virginia.
So great confusion now prevailed as to make the Yoice of the speaker
wholly inaudible. He closed by placing in nomination, in behalf of the
Virginia delegation, John F. Lewis, of that State, as a suitable candi-
date for Vice-President of the United States ; a man who, when the fires
of rebellion stirred all hearts, was trne in liis patriotism and deYotion to
the Union ; a man on whose skirts there rest none of the taints of civil
war ; a man who has been true to the Constitution. " I ask you," said
the speaker, " now, men of the North and men of the South, in the name
of constitutional Uberty and of constitutional law, to rise equal to this
great occasion and endorse the nomination I make of John F. Lewis, of
THE NAME OP E. J. DAVIS, OF TEr-
Mr. Flannaoan, of Texas, next spoke from a portion of the hall dis-
tant from the platfoi-m, and was nearly inaudible.
He said that while paying due respect to tbo great names presented to this Conven-
tion for the second office in the gift of the American people, endorsing thorn all as
fit and proper men, he presented one whose name stands high inalltheStatesof this
Union among all those who love right and justice, a man known and honored among
all loyal men of his own State — in the name of the hundred thousand loyal, true-
hearted men of Teias^the name of Governor E. J. Davis, of that State.
THE NAME OF HOEACE MAYNAED, OF TENNESSEE, PRESENTED.
Mr. David A, Nuns, of Tennessee, also speaking from the audience,
was heard indistuictly.
He said he was instructed by the delegation frora Tennessee to place in nomina-
■tion a name not unknown to Ihe people of this nation, the name of a man whose rep-
utation is co-eitensive with the Union ; eminent in (ha councils of the nation ; a son
of the noble and proud old Commonwealth of Massachusetts by birth and education,
a citizen of the g^lant State of Tennessee by adoption ajid forty years' residence,
combining the elements of both North and South ; a man who, in the dark hour of
the nation's trouble, never faltered, hut stood unmovable as the granite hills. He
was at the head of ttie party in Tennessee that crushed out Andrew Johnson when he
proved false to that party, that crashed out the Democracy and struck the death-blow
.fai Ku-Kloxism. That man was Horace Maynard.
piiiLAnELPinA, 1872. 61
Tho Pbhsidest anaounced that the Couiinittae on Resolutions were c^w
ready to report, and asked whether the businoas in which the ConTen-
tiou was engaged should be suspended for that purpose.
Greneral assent was expressed by the Convention.
Mr. ScoFiELD, of Pennsylvania, chairman of the Committee on Resolu-
tions, then said :
The Comimttee on EesolutJoM are now prepared to report » platform. Governor
Hftwley, of Connecticut, who acted as seeretary to the committee, mil cead the report.
I beg gentiameii to remember, as it is i-ead, that the ooiumittee had but a very short
time to ooasider a great number of subjects which were presented ; and that
while every gentleman may not Sad in our report everyUiing he may desire, it will
be observed that the committee iave shown no disposition to avoid any question
whioh is agitating the country at the present time. The eoro.mittee have not been
content to repose, as perhaps they might have done, upon the laurels of the party,
and refer simply to its past record, but liave made eipreaiaon upon all the great
questions of the day. f will not detain the Cottvention, because you are all aniiovia
to hear whpt has been done. We submit it now, from the lips of Governor Hawley,
to your jndgment.
Governor Hawley then read the resolutions, as follows:
The Repubhoan party of (he United States, assembled in National Convention in
the city of Philadelphia, on tha 5th and 6th days of June, ISl'Ji, again declares its
faith, appeals to its history, and announces its position upon the questions before the
First. Dttting eleven years of supremacy it has accepted with grand courage the
solemn duties of the time. It suppressed a gigantic rebellion, emiocipated foin' m:l-
hons of slaves, decreed the equal citizenship of all, and established universal suftroge.
Exhibiting unparalleled magnaniimty, it eriminally punished no man foe pohtieal
offences, and warmly welcomed all who proved loyal^ by obeying the laws and deal-
ing justly with their neighbors. It has steadily decreased with a firm hand the re-
sultant disorders of a great war, and initiated a wise and hninaoe policy toward the
Indians. The Paciflo railroad and similar vast enterprises have been generously aided
and successfully conducted, the pubhe lands freely given to actual settlers, immigra-
tion protected and encouraged, and a full acknowledgment of the naturalized citizen s
rights secured from European Powers. A uniform national currency has been pro-
vided, repudiation frowned down, the national credit sustained nnder the most eitra-
ordinary burdens, and new bonds negotiated at lower rates. The revenues have been
oaref uUy ooUected and honesfly apphed. D^pite large annual reductions of the rates
of taxation, the public debt has been reduced during General Grant's Presidency at
the rate of a hundred miUions a year, great financial crises have been avoided, and
peace and plenty prevail throughout the laud, Menaoiag foreign ditaoulties have
been peacefully and honorably composed, and the ho th
in high respect tiiroughout the world. This glorious eo
best pledge for the future. We behave the people wJl G
to any party or combination of men composed chi fl h
every step of this beneficent progress.
Second. The recent amendments to the national C tu ul
sustained because they are right, not merely tolerate us ar
should be carried out according to their spirit by app te
ment of which can safely be entrusted only to the part ec OS m
Third. Complete liberty and esact equahty in the ym
and pubho rights should be estabhshed and effectuall mai tai
Union by efficient and appropriate State and Federal gra N th
its administration should admit any discrimmation i poc y
race, creed, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Fourth. The National Qovernment should seek to maintain honorable peace with
all nations, protecting its' cituens everywhere, and sympathizing with all peoples who
strive for greater liberty.
Fifth. Any system of the civil service under which the subordinate positions of tne
Government are considered rewards for mere party zeai is fatally demoralizing, and
"" NATIONAL^ UNION KEPUBLICAN CONVENTION.
THANKS OF THE CONVENTION.
Mr. Chaiiih S Smon, of New lork, offered the fcHowini;, ivhich
was applaaded and adopted : ^
.,..T„i;"3to?,Si£'°"'°» ■" """"■ "" '•""•■' ■>- «■>'•■*
r^J^S"",' it" °?°";? ' ""Moo of Hanks to the President of the
dSh!? d 1," ^° '^«^°:'''. "-P""!'!. "■! "Mtj with which he had
S^tet ?■„ °,,"i ''°"" " P™*°S officer, ind t„ the oiBoers of
the OonventioB,. which was miaiiimouiilj adopted, with cheers.
The Pbesident. There remains for mo h,.! o„a , „ni„- r
.hid. i. U, deel™, a. I „, do" ^^"^^"^.^"dSl"' " ■»*'" '